UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
 
FORM 10-Q
 
x QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES
EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED September 30, 2007
 
OR

o TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES
EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

FOR THE TRANSITION PERIOD FROM ___________________TO _______________________
 
Commission File number 0-2500111
 
21st Century Holding Company

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Florida
 
65-0248866
(State or Other Jurisdiction of
Incorporation or Organization)
 
(IRS Employer
Identification Number)


3661 West Oakland Park Boulevard, Suite 300, Lauderdale Lakes, Florida 33311
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)

954-581-9993
(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.

Yes x No o
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, or a non-accelerated filer. See definition of “accelerated filer and large accelerated filer” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act

Large accelerated filer o
Accelerated filer x
Non-accelerated filer o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).

Yes o No x

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.

Common Stock, $.01 par value - 8,185,315 outstanding as of November 08, 2007


 
21ST CENTURY HOLDING COMPANY

INDEX

 
PAGE
 
     
ITEM 1
Financial Statements and Supplementary Data
3
     
ITEM 2
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
22
     
ITEM 3
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk
42
     
ITEM 4
Controls and Procedures
42
     
PART II: OTHER INFORMATION
 
     
ITEM 1
Legal Proceedings
44
     
ITEM 1A
Risk Factors
44
     
ITEM 2
Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
45
     
ITEM 3
Defaults upon Senior Securities
45
     
ITEM 4
Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders
45
     
ITEM 5
Other Information
46
     
ITEM 6
Exhibits
46
     
SIGNATURES
48

- 2 -


PART I: FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1
 
21st CENTURY HOLDING COMPANY
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

   
Period Ending
 
   
September 30, 2007
        
December 31, 2006
 
 
(Dollars in Thousands)
ASSETS
             
Investments
             
Fixed maturities, available for sale, at fair value
 
$
119,084
 
$
98,525
 
Fixed maturities, held to maturity, at amoritized cost
   
20,366
   
19,667
 
Equity securities, available for sale, at fair value
   
8,409
   
6,641
 
               
Total investments
   
147,859
   
124,834
 
               
Cash and short term investments
   
14,151
   
17,917
 
Receivable for investments sold
   
496
   
-
 
Finance contracts, net of allowance for credit losses of $60 in 2007 and $116 in 2006, and net of unearned finance charges of $32 in 2007 and $90 in 2006
   
830
   
1,831
 
Prepaid reinsurance premiums
   
14,916
   
14,460
 
Premiums receivable, net of allowance for credit losses of $386 and $66, respectively
   
3,141
   
7,222
 
Reinsurance recoverable, net
   
16,798
   
20,230
 
Deferred policy acquisition costs
   
10,467
   
11,153
 
Deferred income taxes, net
   
4,813
   
3,610
 
Income taxes receivable
   
1,200
   
787
 
Property, plant and equipment, net
   
1,111
   
1,296
 
Other assets
   
2,570
   
4,556
 
               
Total assets
 
$
218,351
 
$
207,897
 
               
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY
             
Unpaid losses and LAE
 
$
50,320
 
$
39,615
 
Unearned premiums
   
68,136
   
77,829
 
Premiums deposits and customer credit balances
   
2,049
   
3,793
 
Revolving credit outstanding
   
10
   
10
 
Bank overdraft
   
9,881
   
8,107
 
Subordinated debt
   
-
   
4,167
 
Deferred gain from sale of property
   
2,115
   
2,467
 
Accounts payable and accrued expenses
   
6,688
   
5,715
 
               
Total liabilities
   
139,198
   
141,704
 
               
Commitments and Contingencies
             
               
               
Shareholders' equity:
             
Common stock, $0.01 par value. Authorized 25,000,000 shares; issued and outstanding 7,999,311 and 7,896,919, respectively
   
80
   
79
 
Additional paid-in capital
   
51,004
   
47,070
 
Accumulated other comprehensive income (deficit)
   
(817
)
 
(967
)
Retained earnings
   
28,885
   
20,011
 
Total shareholders' equity
   
79,152
   
66,193
 
Total liabilities and shareholders' equity
 
$
218,351
 
$
207,897
 

SEE ACCOMPANYING NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

- 3 -


21ST CENTURY HOLDING COMPANY
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(UNAUDITED)

   
Three Months Ended September 30,
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
   
2007
     
2006
   
2007
     
2006
 
   
(Dollars in Thousands except
EPS and dividend data)
 
(Dollars in Thousands except
EPS and dividend data)
 
Revenue:
                         
Gross premiums written
 
$
16,064
 
$
24,670
 
$
109,716
 
$
111,031
 
Gross premiums ceded
   
(30,736
)
 
(57,378
)
 
(46,545
)
 
(60,750
)
                           
Net premiums written
   
(14,673
)
 
(32,709
)
 
63,171
   
50,281
 
                           
Increase in prepaid reinsurance premiums
   
19,322
   
42,060
   
1,504
   
32,795
 
Decrease (Increase) in unearned premiums
   
22,532
   
12,356
   
9,693
   
(10,821
)
                           
Net change in prepaid reinsurance premiums and unearned premiums
   
41,854
   
54,416
   
11,197
   
21,974
 
                           
Net premiums earned
   
27,181
   
21,707
   
74,368
   
72,255
 
Commission income
   
431
   
460
   
6,922
   
618
 
Finance revenue
   
116
   
335
   
463
   
1,467
 
Managing general agent fees
   
178
   
602
   
1,600
   
1,983
 
Net investment income
   
2,329
   
1,573
   
6,029
   
4,381
 
Net realized investment gains (losses)
   
(1,441
)
 
263
   
(1,489
)
 
743
 
Other income
   
778
   
(170
)
 
1,757
   
780
 
                           
Total revenue
   
29,571
   
24,770
   
89,649
   
82,227
 
                           
Expenses:
                         
Loss and LAE
   
14,850
   
10,271
   
38,610
   
27,183
 
Operating and underwriting expenses
   
3,884
   
3,780
   
10,949
   
8,392
 
Salaries and wages
   
1,775
   
1,699
   
5,065
   
5,309
 
Interest expense
   
28
   
135
   
173
   
545
 
Policy acquisition costs, net of amortization
   
5,379
   
4,999
   
14,896
   
13,044
 
                           
Total expenses
   
25,916
   
20,884
   
69,693
   
54,474
 
                           
Income before provision for income tax expense
   
3,656
   
3,887
   
19,956
   
27,753
 
Provision for income tax expense
   
1,787
   
857
   
6,766
   
9,806
 
                           
Net income
 
$
1,869
 
$
3,029
 
$
13,190
 
$
17,947
 
                           
Basic net income per share
 
$
0.24
 
$
0.40
 
$
1.66
 
$
2.41
 
                           
Fully diluted net income per share
 
$
0.24
 
$
0.40
 
$
1.64
 
$
2.27
 
                           
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding
   
7,891,650
   
7,560,872
   
7,927,366
   
7,433,953
 
                           
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding (assuming dilution)
   
7,948,385
   
7,562,563
   
8,050,983
   
7,912,077
 
                           
Dividends paid per share
 
$
0.18
 
$
0.12
 
$
0.54
 
$
0.36
 

SEE ACCOMPANYING NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
- 4 -

 
21ST CENTURY HOLDING COMPANY
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(UNAUDITED)

   
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
   
2007
   
2006
 
   
(Dollars in Thousands)
 
Cash flow from operating activities:
             
Net income
 
$
13,190
 
$
17,947
 
               
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
             
Amortization of investment discount, net
   
(272
)
 
(221
)
Depreciation and amortization of property plant and equipment, net
   
232
   
251
 
Net realized investment (gains) losses
   
(352
)
 
743
 
Gain on sale of assets
   
-
   
(463
)
Common Stock issued for interest on Notes
   
109
   
128
 
(Recovery) provision for credit losses, net
   
(48
)
 
119
 
Provision (recovery)for uncollectible premiums receivable
   
320
   
(54
)
Non-cash compensation
   
309
   
395
 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
             
Premiums receivable
   
3,762
   
3,320
 
Prepaid reinsurance premiums
   
(456
)
 
(39,395
)
Reinsurance recoverable, net
   
3,432
   
155,684
 
Income taxes recoverable
   
(413
)
 
-
 
Deferred income tax expense
   
(1,203
)
 
(2,031
)
Deferred gain on sale of assets
   
-
   
(2,482
)
Policy acquisition costs, net of amortization
   
686
   
(1,605
)
Premium finance contracts receivable
   
1,049
   
4,943
 
Other assets
   
1,635
   
4,260
 
Unpaid losses and LAE
   
10,704
   
(122,811
)
Unearned premiums
   
(9,693
)
 
10,821
 
Premium deposits and customer credit balances
   
(1,744
)
 
570
 
Funds held under reinsurance treaties
   
-
   
3
 
Income taxes payable
   
-
   
7,892
 
Bank overdraft
   
1,773
   
(11,949
)
Accounts payable and accrued expenses
   
973
   
(1,792
)
Net cash provided by operating activities
   
23,995
   
24,272
 
Cash flow used in investing activities:
             
Proceeds from sale of investment securities available for sale
   
159,573
   
230,940
 
Purchases of investment securities available for sale
   
(181,182
)
 
(259,823
)
Purchases of property and equipment
   
(47
)
 
(381
)
Proceeds from sale of assets
   
-
   
5,607
 
Net cash used in investing activities
   
(21,657
)
 
(23,657
)
Cash flow (used in) provided by financing activities:
             
Subordinated debt
   
(2,083
)
 
(3,333
)
Exercised stock options
   
103
   
1,637
 
Dividends paid
   
(4,316
)
 
(2,906
)
Exercised warrants, net
   
2,035
   
7,969
 
Acquisition of Common Stock
   
(2,000
)
 
(2,001
)
Tax benefit related to non-cash compensation
   
159
   
-
 
Revolving credit outstanding
   
0
   
(187
)
Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities
   
(6,104
)
 
1,179
 
Net (decrease) increase in cash and short term investments
   
(3,766
)
 
1,795
 
Cash and short term investments at beginning of period
   
17,917
   
6,071
 
Cash and short term investments at end of period
 
$
14,151
 
$
7,866
 

SEE ACCOMPANYING NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

- 5 -


21ST CENTURY HOLDING COMPANY
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(UNAUDITED)

(continued)
 
2007
    
2006
 
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:
             
Cash paid during the period for:
             
Interest
 
$
44
 
$
160
 
Income taxes
 
$
7,300
 
$
4,650
 
Non-cash investing and finance activities:
             
Accrued dividends payable
 
$
1,473
 
$
972
 
Retirement of subordinated debt by common stock issuance
 
$
2,083
 
$
1,667
 
Stock issued to pay interest on subordinated debt
 
$
109
 
$
128
 
 
SEE ACCOMPANYING NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

- 6 -

21st Century Holding Company
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(1) Organization and Business

The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements of 21st Century Holding Company have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) for interim financial information and with the instructions for Form 10-Q and Rule 10-01 of Regulation S-X. These financial statements do not include all information and notes required by GAAP for complete financial statements, and should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company's annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2006. The December 31, 2006 year-end balance sheet data was derived from audited financial statements but does not include all disclosures required by GAAP. The financial information furnished reflects all adjustments, consisting only of normal recurring accruals, which are, in the opinion of management, necessary for a fair presentation of the financial position, results of operations and cash flows for the periods presented. The results of operations are not necessarily indicative of the results of operations that may be achieved in the future. 

21st Century Holding Company (“21st Century,” “the Company”, “we,” “us”) is an insurance holding company, which, through our subsidiaries and our contractual relationships with our independent agents and general agents, controls substantially all aspects of the insurance underwriting, distribution and claims process. We are authorized to underwrite homeowners’ property and casualty insurance, commercial general liability insurance, and personal automobile insurance in various states with various lines of authority through our wholly owned subsidiaries, Federated National Insurance Company (“Federated National”) and American Vehicle Insurance Company (“American Vehicle”).

Federated National is authorized to underwrite homeowners’ property and casualty insurance and personal automobile insurance in Florida as an admitted carrier. American Vehicle is authorized to underwrite personal automobile insurance and commercial general liability coverage in Florida as an admitted carrier. In addition, American Vehicle is authorized to underwrite commercial general liability insurance in Georgia, Kentucky, South Carolina, Virginia, Missouri, Nevada, Maryland, Arkansas and California as a surplus lines carrier; and in Texas, Louisiana and Alabama as an admitted carrier. American Vehicle operations in Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Texas, South Carolina, Virginia and Alabama are on-going. American Vehicle operations in Nevada, Maryland, Arkansas, Missouri and California are expected to begin this year. American Vehicle has applications pending authorization as a surplus lines carrier in the states of Oklahoma, Ohio and Tennessee; and an application pending authorization as an admitted carrier to the state of Illinois.

During the nine months ended September 30, 2007, 75.2%, 23.3% and 1.5% of the premiums we underwrote were for homeowners’ property and casualty insurance, commercial general liability insurance and personal automobile insurance, respectively. During the nine months ended September 30, 2006, 72.8%, 22.3% and 4.9% of the premiums we underwrote were for homeowners’ property and casualty insurance, commercial general liability insurance and personal automobile insurance, respectively. We internally process claims made by our own and third-party insureds through our wholly owned claims adjusting company, Superior Adjusting, Inc. (“Superior”). We also offer premium financing to our own and third-party insureds through our wholly owned subsidiary, Federated Premium Finance, Inc. (“Federated Premium”).

We market and distribute our own and third-party insurers’ products and our other services primarily in Florida, through contractual relationships with a network of approximately 1,500 independent agents and a select number of general agents.

Assurance Managing General Agents, Inc. (“Assurance MGA”), a wholly owned subsidiary, acts as Federated National’s and American Vehicle’s exclusive managing general agent in the state of Florida. As American Vehicle continues its expansion into other states, we intend on retaining other general agents to market our commercial general liability insurance product beyond the state of Florida. Assurance MGA currently provides underwriting policy administration, marketing, accounting and financial services to Federated National and American Vehicle, and participates in the negotiation of reinsurance contracts. Assurance MGA generates revenue through a 6% commission fee from the insurance companies’ gross written premium, policy fee income of $25 per policy and other administrative fees from the marketing of company products through the Company’s distribution network. The 6% commission fee from Federated National and American Vehicle was made effective January 1, 2005. Assurance MGA plans to establish relationships with additional carriers and add additional insurance products in the future.

- 7 -

21st Century Holding Company
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(2) Summary of Significant Accounting Policies and Practices

(A) Critical Accounting Policies

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions about future events that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and accompanying notes. Future events and their effects cannot be determined with absolute certainty. Therefore, the determination of estimates requires the exercise of judgment. Actual results inevitably will differ from those estimates, and such differences may be material to the financial statements.

The most significant accounting estimates inherent in the preparation of our financial statements include estimates associated with management’s evaluation of the determination of liability for unpaid loss and loss adjustment expenses (“LAE”) and the amount and recoverability of amortization of deferred policy acquisition costs. In addition, significant estimates form the basis for our reserves with respect to finance contracts, premiums receivable and deferred income taxes. Various assumptions and other factors underlie the determination of these significant estimates, which are described in greater detail in Footnote 2 of the Company’s audited financial statements for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2006 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) on March 16, 2007.

The process of determining significant estimates is fact-specific and takes into account factors such as historical experience, current and expected economic conditions, and in the case of unpaid loss and LAE, an actuarial valuation. Management regularly reevaluates these significant factors and makes adjustments where facts and circumstances dictate. In selecting the best estimate, we utilize various actuarial methodologies. Each of these methodologies is designed to forecast the number of claims we will be called upon to pay and the amounts we will pay on average to settle those claims. In arriving at our best estimate, our actuaries consider the likely predictive value of the various loss development methodologies employed in light of underwriting practices, premium rate changes and claim settlement practices that may have occurred, and weight the credibility of each methodology. Our actuarial methodologies take into account various factors, including, but not limited to, paid losses, liability estimates for reported losses, paid allocated LAE, salvage and other recoveries received, reported claim counts, open claim counts and counts for claims closed with and without payment of loss.

Accounting for loss contingencies pursuant to Statements of Financial Accounting Standards (“SFAS”), No. 5 involves the existence of a condition, situation or set of circumstances involving uncertainty as to possible loss that will ultimately be resolved when one or more future event(s) occur or fail to occur. Additionally, accounting for a loss contingency requires management to assess each event as probable, reasonably possible or remote. Probable is defined as the future event or events are likely to occur. Reasonably possible is defined as the chance of the future event or events occurring is more than remote but less than probable, while remote is defined as the chance of the future event or events occurring is slight. An estimated loss in connection with a loss contingency shall be recorded by a charge to current operations if both of the following conditions are met: First, the amount can be reasonably estimated; and second, the information available prior to issuance of the financial statements indicates that it is probable that a liability has been incurred at the date of the financial statements. It is implicit in this condition that it is probable that one or more future events will occur confirming the fact of the loss or incurrence of a liability.

We are required to review the contractual terms of all our reinsurance purchases to ensure compliance with SFAS No. 113, Accounting and Reporting for Reinsurance of Short-Duration and Long-Duration Contracts. The statement establishes the conditions required for a contract with a reinsurer to be accounted for as reinsurance and prescribes accounting and reporting standards for those contracts. Contracts that do not result in the reasonable possibility that the reinsurer may realize a significant loss from the insurance risk assumed generally do not meet the conditions for reinsurance accounting and must be accounted for as deposits. SFAS No. 113 also requires us to disclose the nature, purpose and effect of reinsurance transactions, including the premium amounts associated with reinsurance assumed and ceded. It also requires disclosure of concentrations of credit risk associated with reinsurance receivables and prepaid reinsurance premiums.

- 8 -

21st Century Holding Company
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(B) Impact of New Accounting Pronouncements

In February 2007, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued SFAS No. 159 “The Fair Value Option for Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities— Including an Amendment of SFAS No. 115” (“SFAS No. 159”), which permits an entity to measure many financial assets and financial liabilities at fair value that are not currently required to be measured at fair value. Entities that elect the fair value option will report unrealized gains and losses in earnings at each subsequent reporting date. The fair value option may be elected on an instrument-by-instrument basis, with a few exceptions. SFAS No. 159 amends previous guidance to extend the use of the fair value option to available-for-sale and held-to-maturity securities. SFAS No. 159 also establishes presentation and disclosure requirements to help financial statement users understand the effect of the election. We will adopt SFAS No. 159 on its effective date, January 1, 2008.  We do not expect the adoption of SFAS No. 159 to have a material impact, if any, on our financial position or results of operations.

In June 2006, FASB issued FIN 48, Accounting for Uncertainty in Income Taxes that clarifies the accounting for income tax reserves and contingencies recognized in an enterprise’s financial statements in accordance with SFAS No. 109, Accounting for Income Taxes. This Interpretation also provides guidance on derecognition, classification, interest and penalties, accounting in interim periods, disclosure and transition. This Interpretation is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2006. The Company has evaluated and concluded that the impact of FIN 48 will be minimal and includes a policy of classifying interest and penalties related to income tax as elements of income tax expense in the consolidated financial statements. As required by FIN 48, this change was done prospectively. Previously, penalties and interest were classified as operating and underwriting expenses.

In December 2004, FASB revised SFAS No. 123, Share-Based Payments (“SFAS No. 123R”). This statement eliminates the option to apply the intrinsic value measurement provisions of the Accounting Principles Board (“APB”) No. 25 to stock compensation awards issued to employees. Rather, SFAS No. 123R requires companies to measure the cost of employee services received in exchange for an award of equity instruments based on the grant date fair value of the award. That cost will be recognized over the requisite service period (usually the vesting period) during which an employee is required to provide services in exchange for the award. SFAS No. 123R also requires companies to measure the cost of employee services received in exchange for employee stock purchase plan awards. SFAS No. 123R was effective for 21st Century’s fiscal year beginning January 1, 2006 as subsequently extended by the SEC pursuant to its April 13, 2005 announcement.

In connection with the implementation of SFAS No. 123R, we have determined that the pretax charge to earnings for the year ending 2007 will total approximately $0.6 million, of which approximately $0.5 million was charged to income from continuing operations before provision for income taxes for the nine months ended September 30, 2007. The effect on earnings per share for the nine months ended September 30, 2007 for both undiluted and fully diluted was less than $0.04 per share. For a more detailed discussion, please see Footnote 8, titled Stock Compensation Plans.

(C) Stock Options

At September 30, 2007, the Company had two stock-based employee compensation plans and one stock-based franchise compensation plan, which are described later in footnote 8, Stock Compensation Plans.

Effective January 1, 2006, the Company adopted the fair value recognition provisions of SFAS No. 123R using the modified-prospective-transition method. Under that transition method, compensation cost recognized during the nine months ended September 30, 2007 includes compensation cost for all share-based payments granted subsequent to January 1, 2007, based on the grant date fair-value estimated in accordance with the provisions of SFAS No. 123R.

During the nine months ended September 30, 2007, we have granted 30,000 qualified stock options to employees and 10,000 non-qualified stock options to a director and 20,000 to the Chief Financial Officer with an average option price of $12.28 per share. Like all other outstanding stock options, these stock options contain service conditions and do not contain any performance conditions. For a further discussion regarding the provisions of SFAS No. 123R and its effect on our operations, please refer to footnote 8, Stock Compensation Plans.

- 9 -

21st Century Holding Company
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(D) Earnings per Share

Basic earnings per share (“Basic EPS”) is computed by dividing net income by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period presented. Diluted earnings per share (“Diluted EPS”) is computed by dividing net income by the weighted average number of shares of common stock and common stock equivalents outstanding during the period presented; outstanding warrants and stock options are considered common stock equivalents and are included in the calculation using the treasury stock method. Additionally, when applicable, we include in our computation of the weighted average number of common shares outstanding all common stock issued in connection with the repayment of our Subordinated note.

(E) Reclassifications

Certain amounts in 2006 financial statements have been reclassified to conform to the 2007 presentation.

(3) Revolving Credit Outstanding

Federated Premium’s operations are funded by a revolving loan agreement (“Revolving Agreement”) with FlatIron Funding Company LLC (“FlatIron”). The Revolving Agreement is structured as a sale of contracts receivable under a sale and assignment agreement with Westchester Premium Acceptance Corporation (“WPAC”) (a wholly-owned subsidiary of FlatIron), which gives WPAC the right to sell or assign these contracts receivable. Federated Premium, which services these contracts, has recorded transactions under the Revolving Agreement as secured borrowings. Outstanding borrowings under the Revolving Agreement as of September 30, 2007 and December 31, 2006 were unchanged at approximately $10,000. This credit facility was scheduled to terminate, at our request, on September 30, 2007 and we are currently in the process of settling all aspects of this relationship.

The effective interest rate on this line of credit, based on our average outstanding borrowings under the Revolving Agreement, was 19.88% and 9.78% for the three months ended September 30, 2007 and 2006, respectively. Interest expense on this revolving credit line for the three months ended September 30, 2007 and 2006 was unchanged at approximately $500. Interest expense on this revolving credit line for the nine months ended September 30, 2007 and 2006 totaled approximately $1,500 and $8,000, respectively.

(4) Commitments and Contingencies

Management has a responsibility to continually measure and monitor its commitments and its contingencies. The nature of the Company’s commitments and contingencies can be grouped into three major categories, insured claim activity, assessment related activities and operational matters.

We are involved in claims and legal actions arising in the ordinary course of business. Revisions to our estimates are based on our analysis of subsequent information that we receive regarding various factors, including: (i) per claim information; (ii) company and industry historical loss experience; (iii) legislative enactments, judicial decisions, legal developments in the awarding of damages, and (iv) trends in general economic conditions, including the effects of inflation. Management revises its estimates based on the results of its analysis. This process assumes that past experience, adjusted for the effects of current developments and anticipated trends, is an appropriate basis for estimating the ultimate settlement of all claims. There is no precise method for subsequently evaluating the impact of any specific factor on the adequacy of the reserves, because the eventual redundancy or deficiency is affected by multiple factors. In the opinion of management, the ultimate disposition of these matters will not have a material adverse effect on our consolidated financial position, results of operations, or liquidity.

We operate in a regulatory environment where certain entities and organizations have the authority to require us to participate in assessments. Currently these entities and organizations include, but are not limited to, the Florida Insurance Guarantee Association (“FIGA”), Citizens Property Insurance Corporation (“Citizens”) the Florida Hurricane Catastrophic Fund (“FHCF”) and the Florida Joint Underwriters Association (“Florida JUA”),

- 10 -

21st Century Holding Company
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

As a direct premium writer in the State of Florida, we are required to participate in certain insurer solvency associations under Florida Statutes 631.57(3) (a). Participation in these pools is based on our written premiums by line of business compared to total premiums written statewide by all insurers. Participation may result in assessments against us as it did in 2006. On October 11, 2007, FIGA’s Board certified the need to assess each member an amount equal to two (2%) percent of the member’s Florida net direct written premiums for the calendar year 2006. Both American Vehicle and Federated National are considered members of FIGA. FIGA’s certification was approved by Florida’s Insurance Commissioner on October 29, 2007. We have estimated that our participation with this assessment will total approximately $2.8 million and is payable November 30, 2007. During 2006, we were assessed $3.9 million in connection with the FIGA. For statutory accounting purposes these assessments are not charged to operations, in contrast GAAP treatment is to charge current operations for the assessments. Through policyholder surcharges, as approved by the Florida Office of Insurance Regulation (“OIR”), during the nine months ended September 30, 2007, we collected approximately $1.3 million. FIGA’s October 11, 2007 assessment was charged to operations during the period ended September 30, 2007. Future assessments by this association are undeterminable at this time.

During its regularly scheduled meeting on August 17, 2005, the Board of Governors of Citizens determined a 2004 plan year deficit existed in the High Risk Account. Citizens decided that a $515 million Regular Assessment was in the best interest of Citizens and consistent with Florida Statutes. On this basis, Citizens certified for a Regular Assessment. Federated National’s participation in this assessment totaled $2.0 million. Provisions contained in our excess of loss reinsurance policies provide for reinsurance participation totaling $1.5 million.

During a subsequent regularly scheduled meeting on or about December 18, 2006, Citizens Board determined an additional 2004 plan year deficit existed in the High Risk Account. Citizens decided that an additional $515 million Regular Assessment was in the best interest of Citizens and consistent with Florida Statutes. On this basis, Citizens was certified for a Regular Assessment. Federated National’s participation in this assessment totaled $0.3 million. Future assessments by this association are undeterminable at this time.

Pursuant to Section 627.3512, Florida Statutes, insurers are permitted to recoup the assessment by adding a surcharge to policies in an amount not to exceed the amount paid by the insurer to Citizens. Through policyholder surcharges, as approved by the OIR, during the nine months ended September 30, 2007, we collected approximately $0.4 million in connection with the Citizens assessments.

The OIR issued Information Memorandum OIR-06-008M, titled Notice of Anticipated Florida Hurricane Catastrophe Fund Assessment, dated May 4, 2006, to all property and casualty, surplus lines insurers, and surplus lines agents in the state of Florida placing them on notice of an anticipated FHCF assessment. Sighting the unprecedented hurricane seasons of 2004 and 2005, the FHCF exhausted nearly all of the $6 billion in reserves it had accumulated since its inception in 1993. The Florida State Board of Administration, the body that oversees the FHCF, issued its directive to levy an emergency assessment upon all property and casualty business in the state of Florida. There is no statutory requirement that policyholders be notified of the FHCF assessment. The FHCF and OIR are, however, recommending that insurers include the FHCF assessment in a line item on the declaration page for two reasons: (1) this is a multi-year assessment and (2) there may be concurrent assessments and the insureds should know what amount is for which assessment. The assessment became effective on all policies effective after January 1, 2007 and will be remitted to the administrator of the assessment as collected and therefore accounted for in a manner such that amounts collected or receivable are not recorded as revenues and amounts due or paid are not expensed.

In addition to the assessments noted above, the OIR has also issued Information Memorandum OIR -07-02M, titled Information Regarding Emergency Assessment by Citizens Property Insurance Corporation, dated January 11, 2007, to all property and casualty insurers in the state of Florida placing them on notice that an order has been approved for an emergency assessment by Citizens for its High Risk Account. This order requires insurers to begin collecting the emergency assessment for policies issued or renewed on or after July 1, 2007. Similar to the FHCF assessment discussed above, the Citizens emergency assessment will be remitted to the administrator of the assessment as collected and therefore accounted for in a manner such that amounts collected or receivable are not recorded as revenues and amounts due or paid are not expensed.

- 11 -

21st Century Holding Company
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

Both Federated National and American Vehicle participate in an insurance apportionment plan under Section 627.351, Florida Statutes, which is referred to as a Joint Underwriting Plan (“JUA Plan”). The JUA Plan provides for the equitable apportionment of any profits realized, or losses and expenses incurred, among participating motor vehicle insurers. In the event of an underwriting deficit incurred by the JUA Plan, which is not recovered through the policyholders in the JUA Plan, such deficit shall be recovered from the companies participating in the JUA Plan in the proportion that the net direct written premiums of each such member during the preceding calendar year bear to the aggregate net direct premiums written in this state by all members of the JUA Plan. During the nine months ended September 30, 2007, Federated National and American Vehicle were not assessed by the JUA Plan based on their respective Cash Activity Reports. These assessments would be charged to operations as paid. Future assessments by this association are undeterminable at this time.

The 2004, 2003 and 2002 consolidated Federal Income Tax Returns filed by the Company have been examined by the Internal Revenue Service (“IRS”) during 2006 and 2005. We have concurred with certain IRS conclusions and have appealed other conclusions. Irrespective of the ongoing appellate process, we do not believe that a material adjustment will occur. Income taxes receivable are net of $160,000 valuation allowance established during the year ended December 31, 2007 in conjunction with this process. The Company records valuation allowances to reduce deferred tax assets to the amount that is more likely than not to be realized. When assessing the need for valuation allowances, the Company considers future taxable income and ongoing prudent and feasible tax planning strategies. Should a change in circumstances lead to a change in judgment about the realizability of deferred tax assets in future years, the Company would adjust related valuation allowances in the period that the change in circumstances occurs, along with a corresponding increase or charge to net income. The resolution of tax reserves and changes in valuation allowances could be material to the Company’s results of operations for any period, but is not expected to be material to the Company’s financial position.
 
Relative to the Company’s commitments stemming from operational matters, effective on or about March 1, 2006, 21st Century sold its interest in the Lauderdale Lakes property to an unrelated party. As part of this transaction, 21st Century has agreed to lease the same facilities for a five-year term. Our lease for this office space expires in December 2011.

The expected future lease payouts in connection with this lease are as follows: 

Fiscal Year
 
Lease payments
 
2007
 
$
150,722
 
2008
   
612,934
 
2009
   
625,193
 
2010
   
637,697
 
2011
   
650,451
 
Total
 
$
2,676,997
 

From July 27, 2007 to August 7, 2007, several securities class action lawsuits were filed against the Company and certain of its executive officers in the United States District Court for the Southern District of Florida on behalf of all persons and entities who purchased the Company's securities during the various class periods specified in the complaints. While the specific factual allegations vary slightly in each case, the complaints allege that the defendants made false and misleading statements and failed to accurately project the Company's business and financial performance during the putative class period. The complaints seek an unspecified amount of damages and claim violations of Sections 10(b) and 20(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and Rule 10b-5. The Company expects that these two actions will be consolidated into one case in the United States District Court for the Southern District of Florida.

While the Company believes that the allegations in the complaint are without merit, an unfavorable resolution of pending litigation could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition. Litigation may result in substantial costs and expenses and significantly divert the attention of the Company's management regardless of the outcome. There can be no assurance that the Company will be able to achieve a favorable settlement of pending litigation or obtain a favorable resolution of this litigation if it is not settled. In addition, current litigation could lead to increased costs or interruptions of normal business operations of the Company.

- 12 -

21st Century Holding Company
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(5) Comprehensive Income

For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2007 and 2006, comprehensive income consisted of the following: 

   
For the three months ended September 30,
    
For the nine months ended September 30,
 
   
2007
   
2006
   
2007
   
2006
 
Net income
 
$
1,868,802
 
$
3,029,285
 
$
13,190,036
 
$
17,947,156
 
Change in net unrealized gains on investments available for sale
   
1,444,212
   
1,312,936
   
241,086
   
959,364
 
Comprehensive income, before tax
   
3,313,014
   
4,342,221
   
13,431,122
   
18,906,520
 
Income tax benefit (expense) related to items of other comprehensive income
   
(620,872
)
 
(494,058
)
 
(90,721
)
 
(361,009
)
Comprehensive income
 
$
2,692,142
 
$
3,848,163
 
$
13,340,401
 
$
18,545,511
 

(6) Segment Information

FASB Statement No. 131, Disclosures About Segments of an Enterprise and Related Information, requires that the amount reported for each segment item be based on what is used by the chief operating decision maker in formulating a determination as to how many resources to assign to a segment and how to appraise the performance of that segment. The term chief operating decision maker may apply to the chief executive officer or chief operating officer or to a group of executives. Note: The term of chief operating decision maker may apply to a function and not necessarily to a specific person. This is a management approach rather than an industry approach in identifying segments. The segments are based on the Company’s organizational structure, revenue sources, nature of activities, existence of responsible managers, and information presented to the Board of Directors.

A segment must be reported on if any one of the following exists:

 
·
Revenue, including unaffiliated and inter-segment sales or transfers, is 10% or more of total revenue of all operating segments.
 
·
Operating profit or loss is 10% or more of the greater, in absolute amount, of the combined operating profit (or loss) of all industry segments with operating profits (or losses).
 
·
Identifiable assets are 10% or more of total assets of all operating segments.

Operating segments that are not reportable should be combined and disclosed in the ‘‘all other’’ category. Disclosure should be made of the sources of revenue for these segments.

Accordingly, we have discontinued our segment disclosures for the finance segment, as it did not exceed the 10% threshold for revenues, earnings or assets.

(7) Reinsurance Agreements

We follow industry practice of reinsuring a portion of our risks and paying for that protection based primarily upon total insured values of all policies in effect and subject to such reinsurance. Reinsurance involves an insurance company transferring or “ceding” all or a portion of its exposure on insurance underwritten by it to another insurer, known as a “reinsurer.” The ceding of insurance does not legally discharge the insurer from its primary liability for the full amount of the policies. If the reinsurer fails to meet its obligations under the reinsurance agreement, the ceding company is still required to pay the insured for the loss. Our reinsurance agreements are designed to coincide with the seasonality of Florida’s hurricane season.

- 13 -

21st Century Holding Company
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

For the 2007-2008 hurricane season, the excess of loss and FHCF treaties will insure us for approximately $403.0 million of aggregate loss and LAE with a maximum single event coverage totaling approximately $320.0 million, with the Company retaining the first $3.0 million of loss and LAE. Additionally, we purchased, Reinstatement Premium Protection from the private sector, which would reimburse the Company 100% of the cost of reinstatement premium for a second event. The FHCF affords coverage for the entire season, subject to maximum payouts, without regard to any particular insurable event. The cost to the Company for these reinsurance products for the 2007-2008 hurricane season, including the prepaid automatic premium reinstatement protection will be approximately $46.5 million. The reinsurance companies and their respective A. M. Best rating are listed in the table as follows:

Reinsurer
 
A.M. Best Rating
UNITED STATES
   
Everest Reinsurance Company
 
A+
Folksamerica Reinsurance Company
 
A-
GMAC Re/Motors Insurance Corporation
 
A-
Munich Reinsurance America, Inc.
 
A
Odyssey America Reinsurance Corporation
 
A
QBE Reinsurance Corporation
 
A
     
BERMUDA
   
ACE Tempest Reinsurance Limited, Bermuda
 
A+
Amlin Bermuda Limited
 
A-
Ariel Reinsurance Company Limited, Bermuda
 
A-
DaVinci Reinsurance Ltd, Bermuda
 
A
Flagstone Reinsurance Limited
 
A-
Max Bermuda Limited
 
A-
New Castle Reinsurance Company Limited
 
A-
Renaissance Reinsurance Ltd, Bermuda
 
A
   
 
UNITED KINGDOM
 
 
Amlin Syndicate No. 2001 (AML)
 
A
Ascot Underwriting Syndicate No. 1414 (RTH)
 
A
G.S. Christensen and Others Syndicate No. 958 (GSC)
 
A
MAP Underwriting Syndicate No. 2791 (MAP)
 
A
Talbot Underwriting Syndicate No. 1183 (TAL)
 
A
   
 
EUROPE
 
 
Converium Limited, Switzerland
 
B++

For the 2006-2007 hurricane season, we assembled a range of reinsurance products designed to insure the Company for an aggregate of approximately $414.5 million for a minimum of two catastrophic events. The reinsurance treaties contained several complex features and through a series of fluid retentions, attachment points and limitations, additional coverage may have been afforded Federated National for events beyond the first two catastrophic events. Our retention would have varied depending on the severity and frequency of each catastrophic event. The reinsurance companies and their respective participation in the season's program are noted in the table as follows:

- 14 -

21st Century Holding Company
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
 
       
First Event Participation
    
Reinstated Premium Protection
 
AM Best
Rating
   
Reinsurer
 
$20m in
excess of
$15m
  
$40m in
excess of
$35m
  
$72m in excess
of $75m and FHCF
participation
  
$20m in
excess of
$15m
  
$40m in
excess of
$35m
 
A+
   
Ace Tempest Reinsurance Ltd
         
7.5%
 
 
7.5%
 
           
A
   
Amlin 2001 Syndicate
   
5.0%
  
 
5.0%
  
 
5.0%
  
 
5.0%
  
     
A-
   
Amlin Bermuda Ltd
   
2.5%
 
 
4.0%
 
 
4.0%
 
 
2.5%
 
     
A
   
American Reinsurance Company
         
 
   
3.5%
 
           
A
   
Ascot 1414 Syndicate
               
6.5%
 
           
A++
   
National Liability and Fire Company
         
33.8%
 
 
6.6%
 
       
77.6%
 
B++
   
Converium AG
         
5.0%
 
                 
A+
   
Everest Reinsurance Company
         
22.0%
 
 
4.3%
 
       
12.0%
 
NR
   
Wentworth Insurance Company Ltd
   
5.0%
 
       
.
   
5.0%
 
     
A-
   
Flagstone Reinsurance Ltd
         
4.3%
 
 
4.0%
 
           
A
   
MAP 2791 Syndicate
   
2.5%
 
 
2.5%
 
 
2.5%
 
 
2.5%
 
     
A-
   
New Castle Reinsurance Company Ltd
 
 
2.0%
 
 
2.0%
 
 
2.0%
 
 
2.0%
 
     
A
   
QBE Reinsurance Corporation
         
1.5%
 
 
1.0%
 
           
A
   
Renaissance Reinsurance, Ltd
         
12.5%
 
 
12.5%
 
           
A+
   
XL Re Limited
               
2.5%
 
           
A
   
Odyssey
               
3.5%
 
           
A
   
Catlin Insurance Company Ltd
   
25.0%
 
             
25.0%
 
     
NR
   
Allianz Risk Transfer (Bermuda) Ltd
   
33.0%
 
             
33.0%
 
     
A
   
Liberty Mutual Insurance Company
               
34.7%
 
           
NR4
   
American Vehicle Insurance Company (Affiliated)
 
 
25.0%
 
             
25.0%
 
     

In the discussion that follows it should be noted that all amounts of reinsurance were based on management’s analysis of Federated National’s exposure levels to catastrophic risk. Our data was subjected to exposure level data analysis at various dates through December 31, 2006.

Our overall reinsurance structure was divided into four major layers of financial impact in connection with any single catastrophic event. The bottom layer was considered the first $15 million of losses. The next layer was considered to be greater than $15 million and less than $35 million. The next layer was considered to be greater than $35 million and less than $233.3 million. The fourth layer was considered losses greater than $233.3 million and less than 305.3 million.

For the first and second catastrophic events equal to or less than $15 million, the bottom layer, Federated National would have retained 100% of the first $4.3 million and the last $0.7 million of this bottom layer. The FHCF would have participated 100% for the $10 million in excess of Federated National’s first $4.3 million.

For the first and second catastrophic events with aggregate losses in excess of the first $15.0 million discussed above and less than $35 million, Federated National acquired 100% reinsurance protection with a single automatic premium reinstatement protection provision. The $20 million of coverage afforded in this layer was by way of 42% traditional, single season, excess of loss (“Traditional”) treaties and 58% structured multi-year, excess of loss (“Structured”) treaties. As noted in the chart above, American Vehicle reinsured Federated National via a traditional treaty for 25% of this $20 million layer. Relative to the structured excess of loss reinsurance treaties, terms contained in these treaties afford capacity in this layer beyond the 2006 - 2007 season for two additional hurricane seasons. The structured treaties offered respective coverage for a single event in each of the three hurricane seasons and one additional respective coverage that could be applied as needed in any one of the three hurricane seasons. One of the structured treaties, representing 25% of this layer, contained a provision that prevented the Company from recovery if any single event resulted in damages that exceed $20 billion in the Unites States and its territories.

- 15 -

21st Century Holding Company
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

For the first and second catastrophic events where aggregate losses exceeded $35 million, but were less than $233.3 million, Federated National acquired 100% reinsurance protection through a combination of private market reinsurers and the FHCF program. The private market reinsurers afforded coverage to insure us for $40 million against covered losses in excess of $35 million. The FHCF afforded coverage to insure us for 90% of loss greater than $55.6 million and less than $231.5 million. The private treaties “wrapped around” the FHCF treaty afforded coverage, in aggregate, for losses in excess of $35 million but less than $233.3 million. The FHCF treaty was an aggregate “for the entire season” treaty while the private market treaties afforded respective per event coverage. As to reinstatement of coverage for the private market treaties, Federated National purchased a single automatic premium reinstatement protection provision that would have provided for an automatic reinstatement for 89% of the $40 million coverage. Federated National would have been responsible for the remaining premium reinstatement protection and the cost in connection with that reinstatement was estimated to be approximately $2.1 million. Federated National would also have been responsible for seasonal losses beyond what was afforded through this part of the FHCF coverage.

If an event had occurred where aggregate losses exceed $233.3 million, but were less than $305.3 million, Federated National had acquired traditional reinsurance treaties representing 65.3% of this layer without a provision for premium reinstatement protection. Premium reinstatement coverage would have been prorated as to amount and if the first event exhausted this coverage, then Federated National would have been responsible for approximately $10.4 million for reinstatement protection. Additional coverage was afforded to Federated National via Industry Loss Warrants (“ILW”). The ILW policies provided for payments to Federated National based solely on industry wide losses to private and commercial property only in the State of Florida. A payment to Federated National would only have been considered under the terms of these contracts, if insured wind damages incurred in the State of Florida had exceeded amounts varying between $25 billion and $20 billion excluding public property and certain other named exclusions.

The Company would have been responsible for single catastrophic events, with incurred losses in excess of approximately $305 million subject to the terms of the ILW’s above.

The estimated cost to the Company in connection with this reinsurance structure was approximately $73.0 million, which for the most part was payable in quarterly installments that began July 1, 2006 and were amortized through earned premium in accordance with the provisions and terms contained in the respective treaties.

As a result of the loss and LAE incurred in connection with the hurricane activity that occurred in 2004 and 2005, the Company has reflected in its operations the effects of each storm as follows:
 
2004 Hurricanes
 
Claim
Count
     
Gross
Losses
     
Reinsurance
Recoveries
     
Net
Losses
 
       
(Dollars in millions)
 
       
 
         
Charley (August 13)
   
2,572
 
$
65.3
 
$
55.3
 
$
10.0
 
Frances (September 3)
   
3,809
   
54.2
   
44.1
   
10.1
 
Ivan (September 14)
   
1,062
   
26.5
   
-
   
26.5
 
Jeanne (September 25)
   
1,563
   
13.9
   
-
   
13.9
 
                           
Total Loss Estimate
   
9,006
 
$
159.9
 
$
99.4
 
$
60.5
 

- 16 -

21st Century Holding Company
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

2005 Hurricanes
 
Claim
Count
     
Gross
Losses
     
Reinsurance
Recoveries
     
Net
Losses
 
       
(Dollars in millions)
 
       
 
         
Dennis (July 10)
   
322
 
$
2.8
 
$
-
 
$
2.8
 
Katrina (August 25)
   
2,115
   
14.6
   
11.6
   
3.0
 
Rita (September 20)
   
19
   
0.1
   
-
   
0.1
 
Wilma (October 24)
   
11,733
   
174.5
   
171.5
   
3.0
 
                           
Total Loss Estimate
   
14,189
 
$
192.0
 
$
183.1
 
$
8.9
 

Effective March 28, 2006, American Vehicle entered into a 100% quota-share reinsurance treaty with Republic Underwriters Insurance Company (“Republic”). Republic is domiciled in the State of Texas and licensed both directly and on a surplus lines basis in approximately 32 states. Republic has a financial rating of “A-” Excellent with A.M. Best. This arrangement would have facilitated the policyholder who requires their commercial general liability insurance policy to come from an insurance company with an A.M. Best rating. Our arrangement with Republic allowed for a 4.75% commission on net written premium and reimbursement for all other costs in connection with the treaty such as premium taxes and assessments. We also remit a 1% commission to the intermediary broker on the same net written premium. Under this agreement, the Company assumed approximately $348,000 in premiums in connection with its operations in the State of Texas. Our operations in Texas began in December 2006. During the three months ended March 31, 2007, this 100% quota-sharing reinsurance treaty with Republic was cancelled, on a run-off basis, at their request, effective June 30, 2007.

We are selective in choosing reinsurers and consider numerous factors, the most important of which are the financial stability of the reinsurer, their history of responding to claims and their overall reputation. In an effort to minimize our exposure to the insolvency of a reinsurer, we evaluate the acceptability and review the financial condition of the reinsurer at least annually.

Our automobile quota-share reinsurance treaties for 2003 include loss corridors with varying layers of coverage based on ultimate incurred loss ratio results whereby the two insurance companies will retain 100% of the losses between incurred loss ratios of 66% and 86% for policies with an effective date of 2003. Despite the loss corridor, the reinsurer assumes significant insurance risk under the reinsured portions of the underlying insurance contracts and it is reasonably possible that the reinsurer will realize a significant loss from the transaction. Our ultimate incurred loss ratios for these treaties as of December 31, 2006 are estimated to be 66.6% and 77.4% for Federated National and American Vehicle, respectively. 

(8) Stock Compensation Plans

We implemented a stock option plan in November 1998 that provides for the granting of stock options to officers, directors, employees and consultants. The objectives of this plan include attracting and retaining the best personnel, providing for additional performance incentives, and promoting our success by providing employees the opportunity to acquire common stock. Options outstanding under this plan have been granted at prices that are either equal to or above the market value of the stock on the date of grant, typically vest over a four or five-year period, and expire six or ten years after the grant date. Under this plan, we are authorized to grant options to purchase up to 900,000 common shares, and, as of September 30, 2007 and December 31, 2006, we had outstanding exercisable options to purchase 102,750 and 44,750 shares, respectively.

In 2001, we implemented a franchisee stock option plan that provided for the granting of stock options to individuals purchasing Company owned agencies that were then converted to franchised agencies. The purpose of the plan was to advance our interests by providing an additional incentive to encourage managers of Company owned agencies to purchase the agencies and convert them to franchises. Options outstanding under the plan were granted at prices that were above the market value of the stock on the date of grant, vest over a ten-year period, and expire ten years after the grant date. Under this plan, we are authorized to grant options to purchase up to 988,500 common shares, and, as of September 30, 2007, we had no outstanding exercisable options to purchase shares.

- 17 -

21st Century Holding Company
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

In 2002, we implemented the 2002 Option Plan. The purpose of this Plan is to advance our interests by providing an additional incentive to attract, retain and motivate highly qualified and competent persons who are key to the Company, including employees, consultants, independent contractors, and officers and directors, upon whose efforts and judgment our success is largely dependent, by authorizing the grant of options to purchase Common Stock to persons who are eligible to participate hereunder, thereby encouraging stock ownership by such persons, all upon and subject to the terms and conditions of the Plan. Options outstanding under the plan have been granted at prices that are above the market value of the stock on the date of grant, vest over a five-year period, and expire six years after the grant date. Under this plan, the Company is authorized to grant options to purchase up to 1,800,000 common shares, and, as of September 30, 2007 and December 31, 2006, we had outstanding exercisable options to purchase 610,658 and 637,358 shares, respectively.

Activity in the Company’s stock option plans for the period from January 1, 2005 to September 30, 2007, is summarized below: 
               
   
1998 Plan
  
2001 Franchisee Plan
  
2002 Plan
 
   
Number of
Shares
  
Weighted
Average
Option
Exercise Price
  
Number of
Shares
  
Weighted
Average
Option
Exercise Price
  
Number of
Shares
  
  
Weighted
Average
Option
Exercise Price
 
Outstanding at January 1, 2005
   
198,275
 
$
6.67
   
15,000
 
$
9.17
   
906,300
 
$
10.80
 
Granted
   
-
 
$
-
   
-
 
$
-
   
451,500
 
$
14.39
 
Exercised
   
(96,875
)  
$
6.67
   
-
 
$
-
   
(271,542
)  
$
8.96
 
Cancelled
   
(3,750
)
$
6.67
   
-
 
$
-
   
(262,650
)
$
14.00
 
Outstanding at January 1, 2006
   
97,650
 
$
6.67
   
15,000
 
$
9.17
   
823,608
 
$
12.35
 
Granted
   
25,000
 
$
27.79
   
-
 
$
-
   
86,000
 
$
16.44
 
Exercised
   
(77,900
)
$
6.67
   
(15,000
)
$
9.17
   
(212,350
)
$
8.98
 
Cancelled
   
-
         
-
 
$
-
   
(59,900
)
$
14.98
 
Outstanding at January 1, 2007
   
44,750
 
$
18.47
   
-
 
$
-
   
637,358
 
$
13.80
 
Granted
   
60,000
 
$
12.28
   
-
 
$
-
   
-
 
$
-
 
Exercised
   
(2,000
)
$
6.67
   
-
 
$
-
   
(8,800
)
$
10.18
 
Cancelled
   
-
 
$
-
   
-
 
$
-
   
(17,900
)
$
15.82
 
Outstanding at September 30, 2007
   
102,750
 
$
15.08
   
-
 
$
-
   
610,658
 
$
13.79
 

Options outstanding as of September 30, 2007 are exercisable as follows: 
                
   
1998 Plan
  
2001 Franchisee Plan
  
2002 Plan
 
Options Exercisable at:
 
Number of
Shares
  
Weighted
Average
Option
Exercise Price
  
Number of
Shares
  
 
Weighted
Average
Option
Exercise Price
  
Number of
Shares
  
Weighted
Average
Option
Exercise Price
 
September 30, 2007
   
17,750
 
$
15.08
   
-
 
$
-
   
321,306
 
$
13.79
 
December 31, 2007
   
25,000
 
$
15.08
   
-
 
$
-
   
44,700
 
$
13.79
 
December 31, 2008
   
13,000
 
$
15.08
   
-
 
$
-
   
91,351
 
$
13.79
 
December 31, 2009
   
13,000
 
$
15.08
   
-
 
$
-
   
80,699
 
$
13.79
 
December 31, 2010
   
13,000
 
$
15.08
   
-
 
$
-
   
58,401
 
$
13.79
 
December 31, 2011
   
13,000
 
$
15.08
   
-
 
$
-
   
14,201
 
$
13.79
 
Thereafter
   
8,000
 
$
15.08
   
-
 
$
-
   
-
 
$
13.79
 
                                       
Total options exercisible
   
102,750
         
-
         
610,658
       

- 18 -

21st Century Holding Company
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

At September 30, 2007, the Company has two stock-based employee compensation plans and one stock-based franchise compensation plan, which are described above. Prior to January 1, 2006, we accounted for those plans under the recognition and measurement provisions of stock-based compensation using the intrinsic value method prescribed by APB Opinion No. 25, Accounting for Stock Issued to Employees, and related Interpretations, as permitted by FASB Statement No. 123, Accounting for Stock-Based Compensation. Under these provisions, no stock-based employee compensation cost was recognized in the Statement of Operations for the years ended December 31, 2005 or 2004 as all options granted under those plans had an exercise price equal to or less than the market value of the underlying common stock on the date of grant. Effective January 1, 2006, the Company adopted the fair value recognitions provisions of FASB Statement No. 123R using the modified-prospective-transition method. Under that transition method, compensation cost recognized during the nine months ended September 30, 2007 includes compensation cost for all share-based payments granted subsequent to January 1, 2007, based on the grant date fair-value estimated in accordance with the provisions of SFAS No. 123R. Results for prior periods have not been restated.

As a result of adopting SFAS No. 123R on January 1, 2006, the Company’s income before provision for income taxes and net income for the nine months ended September 30, 2007, are lower by approximately $468,000 and $306,000, respectively, than if it had continued to account for share-base compensation under ABP Opinion No. 25.

Basic and diluted earnings per share for the nine-month period ended September 30, 2007 would have been $1.70 and $1.68, respectively, if the Company had not adopted SFAS No. 123R, compared to reported basic and diluted earnings per share of $1.66 and $1.64, respectively.

Basic and diluted earnings per share for the three-month period ended September 30, 2007 would have been $0.25 and $0.25, respectively, if the Company had not adopted SFAS No. 123R, compared to reported basic and diluted earnings per share of $0.24 and $0.24, respectively.

Because the change in income taxes payable includes the effect of excess tax benefits, those excess tax benefits also must be shown as a separate operating cash outflow so that operating cash flows exclude the effect of excess tax benefits. SFAS No. 123R requires the cash flows resulting from the tax benefits resulting from tax deductions in excess of the compensation cost recognized for those options (excess tax benefits) to be classified as financing cash flows.

The weighted average fair value for the 20,000 new options granted during the three months ended September 30, 2007, the 35,000 new options granted during the three months ended June 30, 2007 and the 5,000 new options granted during the three months ended March 31, 2007, all estimated on the dates of grant using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model were $3.27, $2.92and $5.36 per option, respectively. The weighted average fair value for the 32,500 new options granted during the three months ended September 30, 2006 and the 48,500 new options granted during the three months ended June 30, 2006, estimated on the date of grant using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model was $4.31 and $4.67 per option, respectively.

The fair value of options granted is estimated on the date of grant using the following assumptions: 

   
September 30, 2007
    
September 30, 2006
 
Dividend yield
   
3.20% to 6.70%
 
 
2.10% to 3.70%
 
Expected volatility
   
42.87% to 54.77%
 
 
43.06% to 44.30%
 
Risk-free interest rate
   
4.79% to 4.86%
 
 
4.60% to 4.90%
 
Expected life (in years)
   
2.58 to 2.63
   
2.04 to 2.86
 

Volatility of a share price is the standard deviation of the continuously compounded rates of return on the share over a specified period. The higher the volatility, the more returns on the shares can be expected to vary - up or down. The expected volatility is a measure of the amount by which a financial variable such as a share price has fluctuated (historical volatility) or is expected to fluctuate (expected volatility) during a period. Our volatility as reflected above contemplates only historical volatility.

- 19 -

21st Century Holding Company
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

Summary information about the Company’s stock options outstanding at September 30, 2007: 

   
Range of
Exercise Price
  
Outstanding at
September 30, 2007
  
Contractual
Periods in Years
  
Average
Exercise Price
  
Exercisable at
September 30, 2007
 
                                                 
1998 Plan
 
$6.67 - $27.79
   
102,750
   
4.99
 
 
$15.08
   
17,750
 
2001 Franchise Plan
 
 -
   
-
   
-
   
-
   
-
 
2002 Plan
 
$8.33 - $18.21
   
610,658
   
2.88
 
 
$13.79
   
321,306
 

(9) Subordinated Debt

On July 31, 2003, we completed a private placement of our 6% Senior Subordinated Notes (the “July 2003 Notes”), which were offered and sold to accredited investors as units consisting of one July 2003 Note with a principal amount of $1,000 and warrants (the “2003 Warrants”) to purchase shares of our Common Stock. We sold an aggregate of $7.5 million of July 2003 Notes in this placement, which resulted in proceeds to us (net of placement agent fees of $450,724 and offering expenses of $110,778) of $6,938,498.

The July 2003 Notes paid interest at the annual rate of 6%, were subordinated to senior debt of the Company, and matured on July 31, 2006. Quarterly payments of principal and interest due on the July 2003 Notes were made in cash or, at our option, in shares of our Common Stock. When paid in shares of Common Stock, the number of shares issued was determined by dividing the payment due by 95% of the weighted-average volume price for the Common Stock on Nasdaq as reported by Bloomberg for the 20 consecutive trading days preceding the payment date.

The 2003 Warrants issued in this placement to the purchasers of the July 2003 Notes and to the placement agent in the offering, J. Giordano Securities Group (“J. Giordano”), each entitled the holder to purchase ¾ of one share of our Common Stock at an exercise price of $12.744 per whole share (as adjusted for the Company’s three-for-two stock split) until July 31, 2006. The total number of shares issuable upon exercise of 2003 Warrants issued to the purchasers of the July 2003 Notes and to J. Giordano totaled 612,074. GAAP required that detachable warrants be valued separately from debt and included in paid-in capital.  Based on the terms of the purchase agreement with the investors in the private placement, management determined that the July 2003 Warrants had zero value at the date of issuance.

On July 31, 2006, we made the final principal payment of $625,000 on the July 2003 notes and the July 2003 warrants expired. Of the 612,074 shares that could have been issued in connection with the July 2003 warrants, 301,430 were exercised, 225,000 were reacquired in the open market by us and 85,644 were unexercised. The unexercised warrants were cancelled as of July 31, 2006.

On September 30, 2004, we completed a private placement of 6% Senior Subordinated Notes due September 30, 2007 (the “September 2004 Notes”). These notes were offered and sold to accredited investors as units consisting of one September 2004 Note with a principal amount of $1,000 and warrants to purchase shares of our Common Stock (the “2004 Warrants”), the terms of which are similar to our July 2003 Notes and 2003 Warrants, except as described below. We sold an aggregate of $12.5 million of units in this placement, which resulted in proceeds (net of placement agent fees of $700,000 and offering expenses of $32,500) to us of $11,767,500.

The September 2004 Notes paid interest at the annual rate of 6%, matured on September 30, 2007, and ranked pari passu in terms of payment and priority to the July 2003 Notes. Quarterly payments of principal and interest due on the September 2004 Notes, like the July 2003 Notes, were made in cash or, at our option, in shares of our Common Stock. If paid in shares of Common Stock, the number of shares issued was determined by dividing the payment due by 95% of the weighted-average volume price for the Common Stock on Nasdaq as reported by Bloomberg for the 20 consecutive trading days preceding the payment date.

The 2004 Warrants issued to the purchasers of the September 2004 Notes and to the placement agent in the offering, J. Giordano, each entitled the holder to purchase one share of our Common Stock at an exercise price of $12.75 per share and was exercisable until September 30, 2007. The number of shares issuable upon exercise of the 2004 Warrants issued to purchasers equaled $12.5 million divided by the exercise price of the warrants, and totaled 980,392. The number of shares issuable upon exercise of the 2004 Warrants issued to J. Giordano equaled $500,000 divided by the exercise price of the warrants, and totaled 39,216. GAAP requires that detachable warrants be valued separately from debt and included in paid-in capital. Based on the terms of the purchase agreement with the investors in the private placement, management determined that the September 2004 Warrants had zero value at the date of issuance.

- 20 -

21st Century Holding Company
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

On September 30, 2007, we made the final principal payment of $1,041,667 on the September 2004 notes and the September 2004 warrants expired. Of the 1,019,000 shares that could have been issued in connection with the September 2004 warrants, 751,000 were exercised prior to December 31, 2006 and 156,000 were exercised prior to September 30, 2007, none were reacquired in the open market by us and 108,000 were unexercised. The unexercised warrants were cancelled as of September 30, 2007.

The terms of the 2004 and 2003 Warrants provided for adjustment of the exercise price and the number of shares issuable thereunder upon the occurrence of certain events typical for private offerings of this type.

For the quarterly payment due April 30, 2006 we paid, pursuant to the terms of the July 2003 Notes and in accordance with the contractual computations 38,420 shares of our Common Stock for principal and interest. Our final payment in connection with the July 2003 Notes were paid in cash on July 31, 2006.

As indicated on the table below, as of September 30, 2007, we paid, pursuant to the terms of the September 2004 Notes and in accordance with the contractual computations, selected quarterly payments of principal and interest due in shares of our Common Stock. 

Quarterly payment due date
 
2007
   
2006
 
January 31,
   
54,211
   
-
 
April 30,
   
63,114
   
68,696
 
July 31,
   
-
   
-
 
September 30,
   
-
   
-
 
Total common stock issued
   
117,325
   
68,696
 

(10) Stockholder’s Equity

Capital Stock

The Company’s authorized capital consists of 1 million shares of preferred stock, par value $0.01 per share, and 25,000,000 shares of common stock, par value $0.01 per share. As of September 30, 2007, there were no preferred shares issued or outstanding and there were 7,999,311 shares of common stock outstanding, net of 185,704 shares pending cancellation in connection with the Company’s 2007 common stock buy-back program. We do not reserve for common stock shares in connection with the exercise of issued and unissued common stock options.

(11) Subsequent Event

On October 11, 2007, FIGA’s Board certified the need to assess each member an amount equal to two (2%) percent of the member’s Florida net direct written premiums for the calendar year 2006. Both American Vehicle and Federated National are considered members of FIGA. FIGA’s certification was approved by Florida’s Insurance Commissioner on October 29, 2007. We have estimated that our participation with this assessment will total approximately $2.8 million and is payable November 30, 2007. FIGA’s October 11, 2007 assessment was charged to operations during the period ended September 30, 2007.

- 21 -

21st Century Holding Company

General information about 21st Century Holding Company can be found at www.21stcenturyholding.com however, the information that can be accessed through our web site is not part of our report. We make our annual report on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K and amendments to these reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934 available free of charge on our web site, as soon as reasonably practicable after they are electronically filed with the SEC.

Item 2

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

Forward-Looking Statements

Statements in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the nine months ended September 30, 2007 (“Form 10-Q”) or in documents that are incorporated by reference that are not historical fact are forward-looking statements that are subject to certain risks and uncertainties that could cause actual events and results to differ materially from those discussed herein. Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, words such as “may,” “will,” “expect,” “believe,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “could,” “would,” “estimate,” or “continue” or the negative other variations thereof or comparable terminology are intended to identify forward-looking statements. The risks and uncertainties include, without limitation, uncertainties related to estimates, assumptions and projections relating to (i) unpaid losses and loss adjustment expenses and other accounting policies, (ii) losses from the nine hurricanes that occurred in fiscal years 2005 and 2004 and in other estimates, assumptions and projections contained in this Form 10-Q; inflation and other changes in economic conditions (including changes in interest rates and financial markets); the impact of new regulations adopted in Florida which affect the property and casualty insurance market; the costs of reinsurance, assessments charged by various governmental agencies; pricing competition and other initiatives by competitors; our ability to obtain regulatory approval for requested rate changes and the timing thereof; legislative and regulatory developments; the outcome of litigation pending against us, including the terms of any settlements; risks related to the nature of our business; dependence on investment income and the composition of our investment portfolio; the adequacy of our liability for loss and loss adjustment expense; insurance agents; claims experience; ratings by industry services; catastrophe losses; reliance on key personnel; weather conditions (including the severity and frequency of storms, hurricanes, tornadoes and hail); changes in driving patterns and loss trends; acts of war and terrorist activities; court decisions and trends in litigation and health care and auto repair costs; and other matters described from time to time by us in this report, and our other filings with the SEC.
 
You are cautioned not to place reliance on these forward-looking statements, which are valid only as of the date they were made. The Company undertakes no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements to reflect new information or the occurrence of unanticipated events or otherwise. In addition, readers should be aware that GAAP prescribes when a company may reserve for particular risks, including litigation exposures. Accordingly, results for a given reporting period could be significantly affected if and when a reserve is established for a major contingency. Reported results may therefore appear to be volatile in certain accounting periods.

Overview

We are an insurance holding company, which, through our subsidiaries and our contractual relationships with our independent agents and general agents, control substantially all aspects of the insurance underwriting, distribution and claims process. We are authorized to underwrite homeowners’ property and casualty insurance, commercial general liability insurance, and personal automobile insurance, in various states with various lines of authority through our wholly owned subsidiaries, Federated National and American Vehicle. We internally process claims made by our own and third party insureds through our wholly owned claims adjusting company, Superior. We also offer premium financing to our own and third-party insureds through our wholly owned subsidiary, Federated Premium.

Federated National is authorized to underwrite homeowners’ property and casualty insurance and personal automobile insurance in Florida as an admitted carrier. American Vehicle is authorized to underwrite personal automobile insurance and commercial general liability coverage in Florida as an admitted carrier. In addition, American Vehicle is authorized to underwrite commercial general liability insurance in Georgia, Kentucky, South Carolina, Virginia, Missouri, Nevada, Maryland, Arkansas and California as a surplus lines carrier; and in Texas, Louisiana and Alabama as an admitted carrier. American Vehicle operations in Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Texas, South Carolina, Virginia and Alabama are on-going. American Vehicle operations in Nevada, Maryland, Arkansas, Missouri and California are expected to begin this year. American Vehicle has applications pending authorization as a surplus lines carrier in the states of Oklahoma, Ohio and Tennessee; and an application pending authorization as an admitted carrier to the state of Illinois.

- 22 -

21st Century Holding Company
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

During the nine months ended September 30, 2007, 75.2%, 23.3% and 1.5% of the premiums we underwrote were for homeowners’ property and casualty insurance, commercial general liability insurance and personal automobile insurance, respectively. During the nine months ended September 30, 2006, 72.8%, 22.3% and 4.9% of the premiums we underwrote were for homeowners’ property and casualty insurance, commercial general liability insurance and personal automobile insurance, respectively.

We market and distribute our own and third-party insurers’ products and our other services primarily in Florida, through contractual relationships with a network of approximately 1,500 independent agents and a select number of general agents.

Assurance MGA, a wholly owned subsidiary, acts as Federated National’s and American Vehicle’s exclusive managing general agent in the state of Florida. Assurance MGA is not licensed to do business elsewhere. As American Vehicle continues its expansion into other states, we intend on retaining other general agents to market our commercial general liability insurance product beyond the state of Florida. Assurance MGA currently provides underwriting policy administration, marketing, accounting and financial services to Federated National and American Vehicle, and participates in the negotiation of reinsurance contracts. Assurance MGA generates revenue through a 6% commission fee from the insurance companies’ gross written premium, policy fee income of $25 per policy and other administrative fees from the marketing of company products through the Company’s distribution network. The 6% commission fee from Federated National and American Vehicle was made effective January 1, 2005. Assurance MGA plans to establish relationships with additional carriers and add additional insurance products in the future.

Our business, results of operations and financial condition are subject to fluctuations due to a variety of factors. Abnormally high severity or frequency of claims in any period could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition. In addition, if our estimated liabilities for unpaid losses and LAE are less than actual losses and LAE, we will be required to increase reserves with a corresponding reduction in our net income in the period in which the deficiency is identified.

We operate in highly competitive markets and face competition from national, regional and residual market insurance companies, many of whom are larger and have greater financial and other resources, have better ratings and offer more diversified insurance coverage. Our competitors include companies that market their products through agents, as well as companies that sell insurance directly to their customers. Large national writers may have certain competitive advantages over agency writers, including increased name recognition, increased loyalty of their customer base and reduced policy acquisition costs. Additionally, during an emergency session in January 2007, the Florida legislature passed and the Governor signed into law a bill known as “CS/HB-1A.” This new law makes fundamental changes to the property and casualty insurance business in Florida and undertakes a multi-pronged approach to address the cost of residential property insurance in Florida. First, the new law requires insurance companies to lower their Florida premium rates for residential property insurance. The new law also authorizes the state-owned insurance company, Citizens, which is free of many of the restraints on private carriers such as surplus, ratios, income taxes and reinsurance expense, to reduce its premium rates and begin competing against private insurers in the residential property insurance market and expands the authority of Citizens to write commercial insurance. We may also face competition from new or temporary entrants in our niche markets. In some cases, such entrants may, because of inexperience, desire for new business or other reasons, price their insurance products below ours. Although our pricing is inevitably influenced to some degree by that of our competitors, we believe that it is generally not in our best interest to compete solely on price. We compete on the basis of underwriting criteria, our distribution network and superior service to our agents and insureds.

In Florida, more than 200 companies are authorized to underwrite homeowners’ insurance. National and regional companies that compete with us in the homeowners’ market include Allstate Insurance Company, State Farm Insurance Company, First Floridian Insurance Company, and Royal Palm Insurance Company. We also compete with several Florida domestic property and casualty companies such as Universal Insurance Company and Coral Insurance Company. During calendar year 2006, the Florida OIR announced the take over of several of our major competitors due to the poor financial condition stemming from the effects of the 2005 catastrophic hurricanes.

Comparable companies that compete with us in the commercial general liability insurance market include Century Surety Insurance Company, Atlantic Casualty Insurance Company, Colony Insurance Company and Burlington/First Financial Insurance Companies.

- 23 -

21st Century Holding Company
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

With respect to automobile insurance in Florida, we compete with more than 100 companies, which underwrite personal automobile insurance. Comparable companies that compete with us in the personal automobile insurance market include Affirmative Insurance Holdings, Inc., which acquired our non-standard automobile agency business in Florida in December 2004, U.S. Security Insurance Company, United Automobile Insurance Company, Direct General Insurance Company and Security National Insurance Company, as well as major insurers such as Progressive Casualty Insurance Company.

Competition could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition.

Our executive offices are located at 3661 West Oakland Park Boulevard, Suite 300, Lauderdale Lakes, Florida and our telephone number is (954) 581-9993.
 
Critical Accounting Policies
 
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions about future events that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and accompanying notes. Future events and their effects cannot be determined with absolute certainty. Therefore, the determination of estimates requires the exercise of judgment. Actual results inevitably will differ from those estimates, and such differences may be material to the financial statements.

The most significant accounting estimates inherent in the preparation of our financial statements include estimates associated with management’s evaluation of the determination of liability for unpaid loss and LAE and the amount and recoverability of amortization of deferred policy acquisition costs. In addition, significant estimates form the basis for our reserves with respect to finance contracts, premiums receivable and deferred income taxes. Various assumptions and other factors underlie the determination of these significant estimates that are described in greater detail in Footnote 2 of the Company’s audited financial statements for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2006 filed with the SEC on March 16, 2007.

Except as described below, we believe that during the first nine months of fiscal 2007 there were no significant changes in those critical accounting policies and estimates. Senior management has reviewed the development and selection of our critical accounting policies and estimates and their disclosure in this Form 10-Q with the Audit Committee of our Board of Directors.

The process of determining significant estimates is fact specific and takes into account factors such as historical experience, current and expected economic conditions, and in the case of unpaid loss and LAE, an actuarial valuation. Management regularly reevaluates these significant factors and makes adjustments where facts and circumstances dictate. In selecting the best estimate, we utilize various actuarial methodologies. Each of these methodologies is designed to forecast the number of claims we will be called upon to pay and the amounts we will pay on average to settle those claims. In arriving at our best estimate, our actuaries consider the likely predictive value of the various loss development methodologies employed in light of underwriting practices, premium rate changes and claim settlement practices that may have occurred, and weight the credibility of each methodology. Our actuarial methodologies take into account various factors, including, but not limited to, paid losses, liability estimates for reported losses, paid allocated LAE, salvage and other recoveries received, reported claim counts, open claim counts and counts for claims closed with and without payment of loss.

Accounting for loss contingencies pursuant to SFAS No. 5 involves the existence of a condition, situation or set of circumstances involving uncertainty as to possible loss that will ultimately be resolved when one or more future event(s) occur or fail to occur. Additionally, accounting for a loss contingency requires management to assess each event as probable, reasonably possible or remote. Probable is defined as the future event or events are likely to occur. Reasonably possible is defined as the chance of the future event or events occurring is more than remote but less than probable, while remote is defined as the chance of the future event or events occurring is slight. An estimated loss in connection with a loss contingency shall be recorded by a charge to current operations if both of the following conditions are met: First, the amount can be reasonably estimated; and second, the information available prior to issuance of the financial statements indicates that it is probable that a liability has been incurred at the date of the financial statements. It is implicit in this condition that it is probable that one or more future events will occur confirming the fact of the loss or incurrence of a liability.

- 24 -

21st Century Holding Company
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

We are required to review the contractual terms of all our reinsurance purchases to ensure compliance with SFAS No. 113, Accounting and Reporting for Reinsurance of Short-Duration and Long-Duration Contracts. The statement establishes the conditions required for a contract with a reinsurer to be accounted for as reinsurance and prescribes accounting and reporting standards for those contracts. Contracts that do not result in the reasonable possibility that the reinsurer may realize a significant loss from the insurance risk assumed generally do not meet the conditions for reinsurance accounting and must be accounted for as deposits. SFAS No. 113 also requires us to disclose the nature, purpose and effect of reinsurance transactions, including the premium amounts associated with reinsurance assumed and ceded. It also requires disclosure of concentrations of credit risk associated with reinsurance receivables and prepaid reinsurance premiums.
 
New Accounting Pronouncements 
 
The material set forth in Item 1, Part I, “Financial Statements - Note 2 - Summary of Significant Accounting Policies and Practices” of this Form 10-Q is incorporated herein by reference.
 
In February 2007, the FASB issued SFAS No. 159 “The Fair Value Option for Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities — Including an Amendment of SFAS No. 115” (“SFAS No. 159”), which permits an entity to measure many financial assets and financial liabilities at fair value that are not currently required to be measured at fair value. Entities that elect the fair value option will report unrealized gains and losses in earnings at each subsequent reporting date. The fair value option may be elected on an instrument-by-instrument basis, with a few exceptions. SFAS No. 159 amends previous guidance to extend the use of the fair value option to available-for-sale and held-to-maturity securities. The Statement also establishes presentation and disclosure requirements to help financial statement users understand the effect of the election. We will adopt SFAS 159 on its effective date, January 1, 2008.  We do not expect the adoption of SFAS 159 to have a material impact, if any, on our financial position or results of operations.

In June 2006, FASB issued FIN 48, Accounting for Uncertainty in Income Taxes that clarifies the accounting for income tax reserves and contingencies recognized in an enterprise’s financial statements in accordance with SFAS No. 109, Accounting for Income Taxes. This Interpretation also provides guidance on derecognition, classification, interest and penalties, accounting in interim periods, disclosure and transition. This Interpretation is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2006. The Company has adopted and concluded that the impact of FIN 48 will be minimal and includes a policy of classifying interest and penalties related to income tax as elements of income tax expense in the consolidated financial statements. As required by FIN 48, this change was done prospectively. Previously, penalties and interest were classified as operating and underwriting expenses.

Analysis of Financial Condition
As of September 30, 2007 Compared to December 31, 2006

Total Investments

SFAS No. 115 addresses accounting and reporting for (a) investments in equity securities that have readily determinable fair values and (b) all investments in debt securities. SFAS 115 requires that these securities be classified into one of three categories, (i) held-to-maturity, (ii) trading securities or (iii) available-for-sale.

Investments classified as held-to-maturity include debt securities wherein the Company’s intent and ability are to hold the investment until maturity. The accounting treatment for held-to-maturity investments is to carry them at amortized cost without consideration to unrealized gains or losses. Investments classified as trading securities include debt and equity securities bought and held primarily for the sale in the near term. The accounting treatment for trading securities is to carry them at fair value with unrealized holding gains and losses included in current period operations. Investments classified as available-for-sale include debt and equity securities that are not classified as held-to-maturity or as trading security investments. The accounting treatment for available-for-sale securities is to carry them at fair value with unrealized holding gains and losses excluded from earnings and reported as a separate component of shareholders’ equity, namely “Other Comprehensive Income”.

- 25 -

21st Century Holding Company
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
 
Total Investments increased $23.0 million, or 18.4%, to $147.9 million as of September 30, 2007, compared to $124.8 million as of December 31, 2006. The increase is primarily a result of our continued ability to invest proceeds from written insurance premiums coupled with more favorable ceded reinsurance requirements.

The fixed maturities and the equity securities that are available for sale and carried at fair value represent 86% of total investments as of September 30, 2007, compared to 84.2% as of December 31, 2006.

We did not hold any non-traded investment securities during 2007 or 2006.

Below is a summary of net unrealized gains and (losses) at September 30, 2007 and December 31, 2006 by category.

   
Unrealized (Losses) and Gains
 
   
September 30, 2007
  
December 31, 2006
 
               
Fixed maturities:
             
U.S. government obligations and agency obligations
 
$
(306,118
)
$
(688,190
)
Obligations of states and political subdivisions
   
(83,979
)
 
(145,505
)
     
(390,097
)
 
(833,695
)
               
Corporate securities:
             
Communications
   
2,011
   
6,842
 
Financial
   
(4,602
)
 
(18,790
)
Other
   
(257,484
)
 
(73,983
)
     
(260,075
)
 
(85,931
)
                   
Equity securities:
             
Common stocks
   
(659,367
)
 
(631,000
)
               
Total unrealized (losses) and gains, net
 
$
(1,309,539
)
$
(1,550,626
)
 
During December 2005, we classified $19.7 million of our bond portfolio as held-to-maturity. The decision to classify this layer of our bond portfolio as held-to-maturity was predicated on our intention to establish an irrevocable letter of credit in order to facilitate business opportunities in connection with our commercial general liability program. During April 2006, American Vehicle finalized the irrevocable letter of credit in conjunction with the 100% Quota Share Reinsurance Agreement with Republic.

Pursuant to FASB 115, the Company records the unrealized losses, net of estimated income taxes that are associated with that part of our portfolio classified as available for sale through the shareholders' equity account titled “Other Comprehensive Income”. Management periodically reviews the individual investments that comprise our portfolio in order to determine whether a decline in fair value below our cost either is other than temporary or permanently impaired. Factors used in such consideration include, but are not limited to, the extent and length of time over which the market value has been less than cost, the financial condition and near-term prospects of the issuer and our ability and intent to keep the investment for a period sufficient to allow for an anticipated recovery in market value.

In reaching a conclusion that a security is either other than temporary or permanently impaired we consider such factors as the timeliness and completeness of expected dividends, principal and interest payments, ratings from nationally recognized statistical rating organizations such as Standard and Poor’s and Moody’s as well as information released via the general media channels. During the three months ended September 30, 2007, in connection with this process we have charged to operations a net realized investment loss totaling approximately $797,000, net of an estimated provisional tax effect of approximately $481,000. The charge relates to a short-term investment in a company whose primary business involved the sub-prime mortgage market.

- 26 -

21st Century Holding Company
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

The investments held at September 30, 2007 and December 31, 2006 were comprised mainly of United States government and agency bonds as well as municipal bonds which are viewed by the Company as conservative and less risky holdings, though sensitive to interest rate changes. There is a smaller concentration of corporate bonds predominantly held in the financial and conglomerate industries. At September 30, 2007, approximately 80% of the equity holdings are in mutual funds and 20% are in equities related to the financial industry and insurance industry.

All of our securities, except as noted above, are in good standing and are not impaired as defined by FASB 115. We determined that one of our securities qualified for other than temporary impairment status during the three months ended September 30, 2007. Our rational for this determination and the determination that includes, but is not limited, to Standard and Poor’s rating of no less than BB++, no delinquent interest and dividend payments, near term maturity dates and our ability and intent to hold these securities for a period sufficient to allow for an anticipated recovery in market value.

Cash and Short Term Investments

Cash and short-term investments, which include cash, certificates of deposits, and money market accounts decreased $3.8 million, or 21.0%, to $14.2 million as of September 30, 2007, compared to $17.9 million as of December 31, 2006. These balances are held primarily in money market accounts at amounts deemed sufficient to meet short-term cash requirements. Our excess cash and cash equivalents are invested in accordance with our long-term liquidity requirements.

Receivable for Investments Sold

Receivable for investments sold increased to $0.5 million as of September 30, 2007, compared to nothing as of December 31, 2006. The increase is a result of investment trading activity that occurred in late September and did not settle until early October 2007.

Finance Contracts Receivable, Net of Allowance for Credit Losses

Finance contracts receivable, net of allowance for credit losses, decreased $1.0 million, or 54.7%, to $0.8 million as of September 30, 2007, compared to $1.8 million as of December 31, 2006. The decrease is primarily due to our sale in December 2004 of our assets related to our non-standard automobile insurance agency business in Florida and the associated financed contracts. We anticipate a continued decline in the financed contracts receivable, net over the future short term and its related conversion to cash, cash equivalents and investments.

Prepaid Reinsurance Premiums

Prepaid reinsurance premiums increased $5.0 million, or 3.2%, to $14.9 million as of September 30, 2007, compared to $14.5 million as of December 31, 2006. The increase is primarily due to the decreased cost of property reinsurance for the 2007 - 2008 hurricane season compared to the 2005 - 2006 hurricane season.

Premiums Receivable, Net of Allowance for Credit Losses

Premiums receivable, net of allowance for credit losses, decreased $4.1 million, or 56.5%, to $3.1 million as of September 30, 2007, compared to $7.2 million as of December 31, 2006.

Our homeowners’ insurance premiums receivable decreased $3.9 million, or 91.9%, to $0.3 million as of September 30, 2007, compared to $4.2 million as of December 31, 2006. The decrease can be attributed to the seasonality of the purchasing patterns of our policyholders and our insurance policy marketing efforts where we purposely restrict our homeowner written premiums during hurricane season.

Our commercial general liability insurance premiums receivable increased $0.7 million, or 25.6%, to $3.4 million as of September 30, 2007, compared to $2.7 million as of December 31, 2006.

Premiums receivable in connection with our automobile line of business decreased $0.6 million, or 54.8%, to $0.5 million as of September 30, 2007, compared to $1.2 million as of December 31, 2006.
 
- 27 -

21st Century Holding Company
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

Reinsurance Recoverable, net

Reinsurance Recoverable, net, decreased $3.4 million, or 17.0%, to $16.8 million as of September 30, 2007, compared to $20.2 million as of December 31, 2006. The decrease is due to payment patterns by our reinsurers. All amounts are current and deemed collectable. We have not recorded a valuation allowance in connection with our reinsurance recoverable, net.

Deferred Policy Acquisition Costs

Deferred policy acquisition costs decreased $0.7 million, or 6.1%, to $10.5 million as of September 30, 2007, compared to $11.2 million as of December 31, 2006. The recent decreased production volume for both the homeowners’ and commercial general liability product lines is the reason for the decrease in this asset.

Deferred Income Taxes, net

Deferred income taxes, net, increased $1.2 million, or 33.3%, to $4.8 million as of September 30, 2007, compared to $3.6 million as of December 31, 2006. Deferred income taxes, net is comprised of approximately $8.6 million and $7.7 million of deferred tax assets, net of approximately $3.8 million and $4.1 million of deferred tax liabilities as of September 30, 2007 and December 31, 2006 , respectively.

Income Taxes Receivable
 
Income taxes receivable increased $0.4 million, or 52.4%, to $1.2 million as of September 30, 2007, compared to $0.8 million as of December 31, 2006. The change is due to tax payment patterns in connection with our tax liabilities. The 2004, 2003 and 2002 consolidated Federal Income Tax Returns filed by the Company have been examined by the Internal Revenue Service (“IRS”) during 2006 and 2005. We have concurred with certain IRS conclusions and have appealed other conclusions. Irrespective of the ongoing appellate process, we do not believe that a material adjustment will occur. Income taxes receivable are net of $160,000 reserve established in conjunction with this process.

Property, Plant and Equipment, net

Property, plant and equipment, net, decreased $0.2 million, or 14.3%, to $1.1 million as of September 30, 2007, compared to $1.3 million as of December 31, 2006. The decrease is primarily due to depreciation and amortization of our existing property, plant and equipment.
 
Other Assets

Other assets decreased $2.0 million, or 43.6%, to $2.6 million as of September 30, 2007, compared to $4.6 million as of December 31, 2006. Major components of other assets are as follows:

   
September 30, 2007
  
December 31, 2006
 
Accrued interest income
 
$
1,078,388
 
$
1,515,584
 
Commissions and revenue sharing receivable
   
214,164
   
979,677
 
Notes receivable
   
797,588
   
1,027,958
 
Unamortized loan costs
   
-
   
61,572
 
Compensating cash balances
   
9,911
   
9,911
 
Due from sale of discontinued operations, net
   
-
   
320,000
 
Prepaid expenses
   
386,359
   
531,008
 
Other
   
83,263
   
110,641
 
   
$
2,569,673
 
$
4,556,351
 

- 28 -

21st Century Holding Company
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

Unpaid Losses and LAE

Unpaid losses and LAE increased $10.7 million, or 27.0%, to $50.3 million as of September 30, 2007, compared to $39.6 million as of December 31, 2006. The increase in unpaid losses and LAE relates primarily to our loss reserve strengthening relative to the commercial general liability and property lines of business. The composition of unpaid loss and LAE by product line is as follows:

   
September 30, 2007
  
December 31, 2006
 
Homeowners'
 
$
23,529,009
 
$
21,788,126
 
Commercial General Liability
   
19,137,989
   
11,100,116
 
Automobile
   
7,652,566
   
6,727,236
 
   
$
50,319,564
 
$
39,615,478
 

Factors that affect unpaid losses and LAE include the estimates made on a claim-by-claim basis known as “case reserves” coupled with bulk estimates known as incurred but not yet reported (“IBNR”). Periodic estimates by management of the ultimate costs required to settle all claim files are based on the Company’s analysis of historical data and estimations of the impact of numerous factors such as (i) per claim information; (ii) company and industry historical loss experience; (iii) legislative enactments, judicial decisions, legal developments in the awarding of damages, and changes in political attitudes; and (iv) trends in general economic conditions, including the effects of inflation. Management revises its estimates based on the results of its analysis. This process assumes that past experience, adjusted for the effects of current developments and anticipated trends, is an appropriate basis for estimating the ultimate settlement of all claims. There is no precise method for subsequently evaluating the impact of any specific factor on the adequacy of the reserves, because the eventual redundancy or deficiency is affected by multiple factors. As a result of our process, reserves were increased by approximately $6.7 million during the quarter ended September 30, 2007.

Unearned Premium

Unearned premiums decreased $9.7 million, or 12.5%, to $68.1 million as of September 30, 2007, compared to $77.8 million as of December 31, 2006. The decrease was due to a $9.2 million decrease in unearned homeowners’ insurance premiums, a $0.8 million increase in unearned commercial general liability premiums, and a $1.2 million decrease in unearned automobile premiums. Generally, as is in this case, a decrease in unearned premium directly relates to a decreased in written premium on a rolling twelve-month basis. Conversely, in periods of increased written premium on a rolling twelve-month basis, unearned premium generally would be expected to rise.

Premium Deposits and Customer Credit Balances

Premium deposits and customer credit balances decreased $1.7 million, or 46.0%, to $2.0 million as of September 30, 2007, compared to $3.8 million as of December 31, 2006. Premium deposits are monies received on policies not yet in force as of September 30, 2007.

Revolving Credit Outstanding

Revolving credit outstanding remained unchanged at nearly nothing as of September 30, 2007, compared to December 31, 2006. The balance is due to our cash management efforts, our requested credit reduction, and sale in December 2004 of our assets related to our non-standard automobile insurance agency business in Florida and the derived finance contracts receivable.

Bank Overdraft

Bank overdraft increased $1.8 million, or 21.9%, to $9.9 million as of September 30, 2007, compared to $8.1 million as of December 31, 2006. The bank overdraft relates primarily to loss and LAE disbursements paid but not yet presented for payment by the policyholder or vendor. The increase relates to our payment patterns in relationship to the rate at which those cash disbursements are presented to the bank for payment.
 
Subordinated Debt

Subordinated debt decreased to nothing as of September 30, 2007, compared to $4.2 million as of December 31, 2006. The decrease is due to our final principal and interest payment on the September 2004 Notes on September 30, 2007.

- 29 -

21st Century Holding Company
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

Deferred Gain from Sale of Property

Deferred gain from sale of property decreased $0.4 million, or 14.3%, to $2.1 million as of September 30, 2007, compared to $2.5 million as of December 31, 2006. In accordance with the provisions of FASB No. 13, we are amortizing the deferred gain over the term of the leaseback, which is scheduled to end in December 2011.
 
Accounts Payable and Accrued Expenses

Accounts payable and accrued expenses increased $1.0 million, or 17.0%, to $6.7 million as of September 30, 2007, compared to $5.7 million as of December 31, 2006. This increase is due to our cash management efforts and timing of payments with our trade vendors.

Results of Operations
Three Months Ended September 30, 2007 Compared to Three Months Ended September 30, 2006

Gross Premiums Written

Gross premiums written decreased $8.6 million, or 34.9%, to $16.1 million for the three months ended September 30, 2007, compared to $24.7 million for the three months ended September 30, 2006. The following table denotes gross premiums written by major product line:

   
Three months ended September 30,
 
   
2007
 
2006
 
   
Amount
  
Percentage
   
Amount
  
Percentage
 
Homeowners'
 
$
8,512,741
   
53.0
%
$
15,907,467
   
64.5
%
Commercial General Liability
   
7,376,856
   
45.9
%
 
8,292,591
   
33.6
%
Automobile
   
174,036
   
1.1
%
 
469,445
   
1.9
%
Gross premiums written
 
$
16,063,633
   
100.0
%
$
24,669,503
   
100.0
%
 
The Company’s sale of homeowners’ policies decreased $7.4 million, or 46.5% to $8.5 million for the three months ended September 30, 2007, compared to $15.9 million for the three months ended September 30, 2006. The decrease is primarily due to the soft market conditions prevailing in the State of Florida. The soft market conditions are lead by Citizens, the state run insurance company. We believe that the competition in this market is based primarily on pricing insurance products at rates that do not reflect current economic conditions. We do not intend to compete with others solely on the basis of pricing mechanisms. Where our rates are competitive (and there are territories in Florida that so exist) we will continue to market our property insurance product. We expect additional challenges in the near term in connection with our rating agency, Demotech, Inc.’s recent decision to remove our property insurer’s financial stability rating “A” “Exceptional”. We intend to discuss with Demotech, Inc. representatives corrective actions necessary to restore our rating.

 The following table sets forth the amounts and percentages of our gross premiums written in connection with our commercial general liability program by state:

   
Three months ended September 30,
 
   
2007
 
2006
 
   
(Dollars in thousands)
 
   
Amount
   
Percentage
    
Amount
   
Percentage
 
Florida
 
$
4,563
   
62.0
%
$
5,428
   
65.5
%
Georgia
   
208
   
2.8
%
 
660
   
8.0
%
Louisiana
   
1,365
   
18.5
%
 
1,380
   
16.6
%
South Carolina
   
47
   
0.6
%
 
-
   
0.0
%
Texas
   
1,194
   
16.2
%
 
825
   
9.9
%
Gross premiums written
 
$
7,377
   
100.0
%
$
8,293
   
100.0
%
 
- 30 -

21st Century Holding Company
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

The Company’s sale of auto insurance policies decreased by $0.3 million, or 62.9%, to $0.2 million for the three months ended September 30, 2007, compared to $0.5 million for the three months ended September 30, 2006.

Gross Premiums Ceded

Gross premiums ceded decreased $26.6 million, or 46.4%, to $30.7 million for the three months ended September 30, 2007, compared to $57.4 million for the three months ended September 30, 2006.

Increase in Prepaid Reinsurance Premiums  

The increase in prepaid reinsurance premiums was $19.3 million for the three months ended September 30, 2007, compared to $42.1 million for the three months ended September 30, 2006. The decreased charge to written premium is primarily associated with the timing of our reinsurance payments measured against the term of the underlying reinsurance policies.

Decrease in Unearned Premiums

The decrease in unearned premiums was $22.5 million for the three months ended September 30, 2007, compared to $12.4 million for the three months ended September 30, 2006. The change was due to a ($21.2) million decrease in unearned homeowners’ insurance premiums, a ($0.8) million decrease in unearned commercial general liability premiums and a $0.5 million decrease in unearned automobile premiums. These changes are a result of our decreased premium volume during this period. See Gross Premiums Written.

Net Premiums Earned

Net premiums earned increased $5.5 million, or 25.2%, to $27.2 million for the three months ended September 30, 2007, compared to $21.7 million for the three months ended September 30, 2006. The following table denotes net premiums earned by product line:

   
Three months ended September 30,
 
   
2007
 
2006
 
 
 
Amount
  
Percentage
  
Amount
  
Percentage
 
Homeowners'
 
$
18,325,279
   
67.41
%
$
11,040,823
   
50.87
%
Commercial General Liability
   
8,166,608
   
30.05
%
 
7,743,852
   
35.67
%
Automobile
   
689,365
   
2.54
%
 
2,922,730
   
13.46
%
                           
Net premiums earned
 
$
27,181,252
   
100.00
%
$
21,707,405
   
100.00
%

As noted above, the Company’s efforts to expand commercial general liability lines of insurance products are coming to fruition, as reflected by increased net premiums earned of $0.4 million, or 5.5 % to $8.2 million for the three months ended September 30, 2007, compared to $7.7 million for the three months ended September 30, 2006.
 
Commission Income

Commission income increased less than $0.1 million, to $0.4 million for the three months ended September 30, 2007, compared to $0.5 million for the three months ended September 30, 2006. The primary component of our commission income is from our participation in a Citizens take out program in May through July 2004, wherein the commissions were earned upon the successful retention of the policyholders for thirty-six months.

Finance Revenue

Finance revenue decreased $0.2 million, or 65.3%, to $0.1 million for the three months ended September 30, 2007, compared to $0.3 million for the three months ended September 30, 2006. The change is primarily due to the Company’s decreased emphasis on automobile insurance and the finance revenue derived there-from.

- 31 -

21st Century Holding Company
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

Managing General Agent Fees

Managing general agent fees decreased $0.4 million, or 70.4% to $0.2 million for the three months ended September 30, 2007, compared to $0.6 million for the three months ended September 30, 2006. The decrease is primarily in connection with acquiring new and renewal policies where we have noted approximately 350,000 fewer policies sold compared to the same period last year. The most notable, and expected decline was in connection with the homeowners policies where approximately 341,000 policies were sold during the three months ended September 30, 2007 compared to approximately 636,000 policies were sold in the same three month period last year.

Net Investment Income

Net investment income increased $0.8 million, or 48.1%, to $2.3 million for the three months ended September 30, 2007, compared to $1.6 million for the three months ended September 30, 2006. The increase in investment income is primarily a result of the additional amounts of invested assets. Also affecting our net investment income was an increase in the overall yield to 6.13 % for the three months ended September 30, 2007 compared to a yield of 4.77% for the three months ended September 30, 2006.

Net Realized Investment Gains (Losses)

Net realized investment losses of $1.4 million were recognized during the three months ended September 30, 2007, compared to net realized investment gains of $0.3 million during the three months ended September 30, 2006. The table below depicts gains (losses) by investment category. During the quarter ended September 30, 2007, we marked an equity investment to market value. The pretax charge to operations was approximately $1.3 million in connection with the devaluation of the investment.

   
Net Realized (Losses) Gains
 
 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
 
 
2007
  
2006
 
Fixed maturities:
             
U.S. government obligations and agencies
 
$
17,588
 
$
-
 
Obligations of states and political subdivisions
   
(437,184
)
 
-
 
               
Equity securities:
             
Common stocks
    (1,021,586   263,072  
               
Total net realized (losses) gains
  (1,441,182 $ 263,072  
 
Other Income

Other income increased $0.9 million, or 558.1%, to $0.8 million for the three months ended September 30, 2007, compared to ($0.2) million for the three months ended September 30, 2006. Major components of other income for the three months ended September 30, 2007 included approximately $0.6 million in connection with FIGA recoupment, $0.1 million in partial recognition of our gain on the sale of our Lauderdale Lakes property and less than $0.1 million in connection with rental income, interest income and miscellaneous income. We anticipate future collections, in the form of surcharges as approved by the OIR, in connection with the 2006 FIGA assessments to total approximately $2.5 million over the next twelve months. We anticipate that collections in connection with FIGA’s October 2007 assessment will begin during the first quarter of 2008. We anticipate future collections, in the form of surcharges as approved by the OIR, in connection with the 2006 Citizens assessments to total approximately $0.7 million.

Loss and LAE

Loss and LAE, our most significant expense, represent actual payments made and changes in estimated future payments to be made to or on behalf of our policyholders, including expenses required to settle claims and losses. We revise our estimates based on the results of analysis of estimated future payments to be made. This process assumes that past experience, adjusted for the effects of current developments and anticipated trends, is an appropriate basis for predicting future events.

- 32 -

21st Century Holding Company
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

Loss and LAE increased by $4.6 million, or 44.6%, to $14.8 million for the three months ended September 30, 2007, compared to $10.3 million for the three months ended September 30, 2006. The overall increase reflects a decrease of $1.7 million in our homeowners’ loss and LAE program, an increase of $6.4 million in our commercial general liability loss and LAE program netted against $0.1 million decrease in loss and LAE in connection with our automobile program.

We continue to revise our estimates of the ultimate financial impact of past storms. The revisions to our estimates are based on our analysis of subsequent information that we receive regarding various factors, including: (i) per claim information; (ii) company and industry historical loss experience; (iii) legislative enactments, judicial decisions, legal developments in the awarding of damages, and (iv) trends in general economic conditions, including the effects of inflation. Management revises its estimates based on the results of its analysis. This process assumes that past experience, adjusted for the effects of current developments and anticipated trends, is an appropriate basis for estimating the ultimate settlement of all claims. There is no precise method for subsequently evaluating the impact of any specific factor on the adequacy of the reserves, because the eventual redundancy or deficiency is affected by multiple factors. As a result of our process, reserves were increased by approximately $6.7 million during the quarter ended September 30, 2007.

The table below reflects no charge to operations during the three months ended September 30, 2007 from the four hurricanes that occurred in July, August, September and October of 2005.

   
Claim