Washington, DC 20549

                                    FORM 8-K

                                 CURRENT REPORT

                     Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the
                         Securities Exchange Act of 1934

          Date of report (Date of earliest event reported): May 3, 2006

                                   KADANT INC.
             (Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter)

Delaware                           1-11406                            52-1762325
(State or Other            (Commission File Number)                (IRS Employer
Jurisdiction                                                 Identification No.)
of Incorporation)

One Acton Place
Acton, Massachusetts                                                       01720
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)                              (Zip Code)

                                 (978) 776-2000
               Registrant's telephone number, including area code

                                 Not Applicable
          (Former Name or Former Address, if Changed Since Last Report)

Check the appropriate box below if the Form 8-K filing is intended to
simultaneously satisfy the filing obligation of the registrant under any of the
following provisions:

     [ ] Written communications pursuant to Rule 425 under the Securities
         Act (17 CFR 230.425)

     [ ] Soliciting material pursuant to Rule 14a-12 under the Exchange
         Act (17 CFR 240.14a-12)

     [ ] Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 14d-2(b) under the
         Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14d-2(b))

     [ ] Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 13e-4(c) under the
         Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.13e-4(c))

                                  KADANT INC.

Item 2.02  Results of Operations and Financial Condition.

           On May 3, 2006, Kadant Inc. (the "Company") announced its financial
results for the fiscal quarter ended April 1, 2006. The full text of the press
release issued in connection with the announcement is furnished as Exhibit 99
to this Current Report on Form 8-K.

           The information in this Form 8-K (including Exhibit 99) shall not be
deemed "filed" for purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of
1934 (the "Exchange Act") or otherwise subject to the liabilities of that
section, nor shall it be deemed incorporated by reference in any filing under
the Securities Act of 1933 or the Exchange Act, except as expressly set forth by
specific reference in such a filing.

Item 9.01  Financial Statements and Exhibits.

           (c) Exhibit

           The following exhibit relating to Item 2.02 shall be deemed to be
           furnished and not filed.

             No.           Description of Exhibit
           -------         ----------------------
             99            Press Release issued by the Company on May 3, 2006.


                                  KADANT INC.


           Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934,
the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the
undersigned hereunto duly authorized.

                                             KADANT INC.

Date:  May 3, 2006                           By:    /s/ Thomas M. O'Brien
                                                    Thomas M. O'Brien
                                                    Executive Vice President and
                                                      Chief Financial Officer