rfb10q.htm
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q

QUARTERLY REPORT UNDER SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF
THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the Quarterly Period Ended: March 31, 2010

Commission File Number: 000-17007

Republic First Bancorp, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Pennsylvania
23-2486815
(State or other jurisdiction of
IRS Employer Identification
incorporation or organization)
Number

50 South 16th Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19102
(Address of principal executive offices)
(Zip code)

215-735-4422
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

N/A
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
 
YES X
NO____
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File Required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).
 
YES ____   
NO____   
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company.  See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer ____
                     Accelerated Filer _X__
 
 
Non-Accelerated filer ____
        Smaller reporting company ____
 


      Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act):
 
YES____
NO__X__
APPLICABLE ONLY TO CORPORATE ISSUERS:

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the Issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.
10,553,093 shares of Issuer’s Common Stock, par value
$0.01 per share, issued and outstanding as of May 7, 2010
Page 1

Exhibit index appears on page 47


 
 

 



TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
   
Part I:                      Financial Information
Page
   
Item 1: Financial Statements (unaudited)
   
Item 2:  Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and
Results of Operations
 
   
Item 3:  Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk
   
Item 4:  Controls and Procedures
   
Part II: Other Information
 
   
Item 1: Legal Proceedings
   
Item 1A: Risk Factors
   
Item 2: Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
   
Item 3: Defaults Upon Senior Securities
   
Item 4: Removed and Reserved
   
Item 5: Other Information
   
Item 6: Exhibits
   
Signatures



 
2

 


PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION



ITEM 1: FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 
Page
   
   
Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2010 (unaudited) and December 31, 2009
   
Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three months ended
 
March 31, 2010 and 2009 (unaudited)
   
Consolidated Statements of Changes in Shareholders’ Equity for the three months ended
March 31, 2010 and 2009 (unaudited)
 
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the three months ended
 
March 31, 2010 and 2009 (unaudited)
   
   
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)
   




 
3

 

Republic First Bancorp, Inc. and Subsidiary
Consolidated Balance Sheets
 March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009
(Dollars in thousands, except share data)
(unaudited)





ASSETS
 
March 31,
2010
   
December 31,
2009
 
             
Cash and due from banks
  $ 11,072     $ 10,864  
Interest bearing deposits with banks
    19,816       36,007  
Federal funds sold
    8,044       8,747  
Total cash and cash equivalents
    38,932       55,618  
                 
Investment securities available for sale, at fair value
    176,418       185,404  
Investment securities held to maturity, at amortized cost
               
     (Fair value of $158 and $165, respectively)
    146       155  
Restricted stock, at cost
    6,836       6,836  
Loans receivable (net of allowance for loan losses of
               
     $13,725 and $12,841, respectively)
    665,711       680,977  
Premises and equipment, net
    24,180       24,490  
Other real estate owned, net
    11,044       13,611  
Accrued interest receivable
    3,807       3,957  
Bank owned life insurance
    12,424       12,373  
Other assets
    28,009       25,221  
Total Assets
  $ 967,507     $ 1,008,642  
                 
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY
               
Liabilities
               
Deposits:
               
Demand – non-interest bearing
  $ 138,843     $ 125,618  
Demand – interest bearing
    45,587       52,919  
Money market and savings
    311,791       327,103  
Time less than $100,000
    130,103       144,622  
Time over $100,000
    219,908       232,632  
    Total Deposits
    846,232       882,894  
                 
FHLB Advances
    25,000       25,000  
Accrued interest payable
    2,219       1,826  
Other liabilities
    6,398       6,182  
Subordinated debt
    22,476       22,476  
Total Liabilities
    902,325       938,378  
Shareholders’ Equity
               
Preferred stock, par value $0.01 per share: 10,000,000 shares authorized;
               
    no shares issued as of March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009
    -       -  
Common stock par value $0.01 per share, 20,000,000 shares authorized;
               
    shares issued 11,081,938 as of March 31, 2010
               
    and 11,081,938 as of December 31, 2009
    111       111  
Additional paid in capital
    77,128       77,086  
Retained earnings (accumulated deficit)
    (6,312 )     (2,450 )
Treasury stock at cost (416,303 shares)
    (3,099 )     (3,099 )
Stock held by deferred compensation plan
    (709 )     (709 )
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
    (1,937 )     (675 )
Total Shareholders’ Equity
    65,182       70,264  
Total Liabilities and Shareholders’ Equity
  $ 967,507     $ 1,008,642  

(See notes to unaudited consolidated financial statements)

 

 
4

 


Republic First Bancorp, Inc. and Subsidiary
Consolidated Statements of Operations
For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2010 and 2009
(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)
(unaudited)
 
   
Three months ended
 
   
March 31,
 
   
2010
   
2009
 
Interest income:
           
   Interest and fees on loans
  $ 8,759     $ 9,990  
   Interest and dividends on taxable investment securities
    1,542       1,027  
   Interest and dividends on tax-exempt investment securities
    114       108  
   Interest on federal funds sold and other interest-earning assets
    20       3  
   Total interest income
    10,435       11,128  
                 
Interest expense:
               
   Demand- interest bearing
    82       65  
   Money market and savings
    1,050       1,101  
   Time less than $100,000
    719       1,194  
   Time over $100,000
    686       1,307  
   Other borrowings
    489       603  
Total interest expense
    3,026       4,270  
Net interest income
    7,409       6,858  
Provision for loan losses
    5,500       4,800  
Net interest income after provision for loan losses
    1,909       2,058  
                 
Non-interest income:
               
    Loan advisory and servicing fees
    57       227  
    Service fees on deposit accounts
    282       301  
    Net other-than-temporary impairment losses on investments
               
    recognized in earnings (includes total other-than-temporary
               
    impairment losses of $1,448 and $-, net of $(1,299) and $23
               
    recognized in other comprehensive loss for the three months
               
    ended March 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively, before taxes)
    (149 )     (23 )
    Gain on sale of other real estate owned
    200       -  
    Bank owned life insurance income
    51       73  
    Other non-interest income
    34       74  
      475       652  
Non-interest expenses:
               
   Salaries and employee benefits
    2,930       3,558  
   Occupancy
    1,521       687  
   Depreciation and amortization
    482       335  
   Legal
    535       359  
   Write down/loss on sale of other real estate owned
    488       1,319  
   Other real estate owned
    52       103  
   Advertising
    65       24  
   Data processing
    218       259  
   Insurance
    162       174  
   Professional fees
    511       461  
   Regulatory assessments and costs
    511       171  
   Taxes, other
    226       252  
   Other operating expenses
    704       783  
Total non-interest expense
    8,405       8,485  
                 
Loss before benefit for income taxes
    (6,021 )     (5,775 )
Benefit for income taxes
    (2,159 )     (2,015 )
                 
Net loss
  $ (3,862 )   $ (3,760 )
                 
Net loss per share:
               
Basic
  $ (0.37 )   $ (0.35 )
Diluted
  $ (0.37 )   $ (0.35 )
                 
(See notes to unaudited consolidated financial statements)
 


 
5

 


Republic First Bancorp, Inc. and Subsidiary
Consolidated Statements of Changes in Shareholders’ Equity
For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2010 and 2009
(Dollars in thousands, except share data)
(unaudited)
 

 
   
 
Comprehensive
Loss
   
 
Common
Stock
   
Additional
Paid in
Capital
   
 
Retained
Earnings (Accumulated Deficit)
   
 
Treasury Stock
   
Stock Held by
Deferred
Compensation
Plan
   
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
   
Total
Shareholders’
Equity
 
                                                 
                                                 
Balance January 1, 2010
        $ 111     $ 77,086     $ (2,450 )   $ (3,099 )   $ (709 )   $ (675 )   $ 70,264  
 
Total other comprehensive loss, net of reclassification adjustments and taxes
    (1,262 )                                   (1,262 )     (1,262 )
Net loss
    (3,862 )                 (3,862 )                       (3,862 )
Total comprehensive loss
  $ (5,124 )                                                        
Stock based compensation
                  42                               42  
Balance March 31, 2010
          $ 111     $ 77,128     $ (6,312 )   $ (3,099 )   $ (709 )   $ (1,937 )   $ 65,182  
                                                                 
                                                                 
   
 
Comprehensive
Loss
   
 
Common
Stock
   
Additional
Paid in
Capital
   
 
Retained
Earnings
   
 
Treasury Stock
   
Stock Held by
Deferred
Compensation
Plan
   
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
   
Total
Shareholders’
Equity
 
                                                                 
                                                                 
Balance January 1, 2009
          $ 110     $ 76,629     $ 8,455     $ (3,099 )   $ (1,377 )   $ (1,391 )   $ 79,327  
 
Total other comprehensive loss, net of reclassification adjustments and taxes
    (14 )                                   (14 )     (14 )
Net loss
    (3,760 )                 (3,760 )                       (3,760 )
Total comprehensive loss
  $ (3,774 )                                                        
Stock based compensation
                  69                               69  
Options exercised (11,927 shares)
            1       25                               26  
Deferred compensation plan distributions and transfers
                                    839             839  
Balance March 31, 2009
          $ 111     $ 76,723     $ 4,695     $ (3,099 )   $ (538 )   $ (1,405 )   $ 76,487  


 (See notes to unaudited consolidated financial statements)


 
6

 


             
 Republic First Bancorp, Inc. and Subsidiary
           
 Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
           
 For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2010 and 2009
           
 (Dollars in thousands)
           
 (unaudited)
           
   
Three months ended
 
   
March 31,
 
   
2010
   
2009
 
Cash flows from operating activities
           
Net loss
  $ (3,862 )   $ (3,760 )
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash
               
    provided by operating activities:
               
Provision for loan losses
    5,500       4,800  
Write downs on other real estate owned
    488       1,319  
Gain on sale of other real estate owned
    (200 )     -  
Depreciation  and amortization
    482       335  
Deferred compensation plan distributions and transfers
    -       839  
Share based compensation
    42       69  
Impairment charges on investment securities
    149       23  
Amortization of premiums (discounts) on investment securities
    13       (64 )
Increase in value of bank owned life insurance
    (51 )     (73 )
Increase in accrued interest receivable and other assets
    (1,931 )     (1,330 )
Increase (decrease) in accrued interest payable and other liabilities
    609       (412 )
Net cash provided by operating activities
    1,239       1,746  
Cash flows from investing activities
               
Proceeds from maturities and calls of securities:
               
Available for sale
    6,857       3,634  
Held to maturity
    7       -  
Net decrease in loans
    9,103       25,296  
Net proceeds from sale of other real estate owned
    2,942       -  
Premises and equipment expenditures
    (172 )     (1,492 )
Net cash provided by in investing activities
    18,737       27,438  
Cash flows from  financing activities
               
Net proceeds from exercise of stock options
    -       26  
Net (decrease) increase in demand, money market and savings deposits
    (9,419 )     33,897  
Net (decrease) increase in time deposits
    (27,243 )     6,064  
Net decrease in short term borrowings
    -       (77,309 )
Net cash used in financing activities
    (36,662 )     (37,322 )
Decrease in cash and cash equivalents
    (16,686 )     (8,138 )
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period
    55,618       34,418  
Cash and cash equivalents, end of period
  $ 38,932     $ 26,280  
                 
Supplemental disclosure:
               
Interest paid
  $ 2,633     $ 3,887  
Non-cash transfers from loans to other real estate owned
  $ 663     $ 2,755  
                 
                 
(See notes to unaudited consolidated financial statements)
               



 
7

 

REPUBLIC FIRST BANCORP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

Note 1:  Termination of Merger Agreement

On November 7, 2008, the Board of Directors of Republic First Bancorp, Inc. (“the Company”) approved an agreement and plan of merger, pursuant to which the Company would be merged with and into Metro Bancorp, Inc. (“Metro”) formerly known as Pennsylvania Commerce Bancorp, Inc., subject to the receipt of regulatory approvals and the satisfaction of other customary closing conditions. The Company and Metro amended the agreement on July 31, 2009 and again on December 18, 2009 to extend the contractual deadline for completion of the merger to allow for additional time to obtain the required regulatory approvals. On March 15, 2010 the Company and Metro announced that their respective boards of directors had voted to terminate the merger agreement due to uncertainties over the regulatory approval of the applications for the merger. During the first quarter 2010, the Company recorded costs in the amount of $400,000 for legal fees and underwriting services directly related to the termination of the merger agreement.  In addition, $600,000 of costs associated with future branch development were expensed as a result of the termination of the merger agreement.
 
Note 2:  Nature of Operations

The Company is a corporation incorporated under the laws of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania and a registered bank holding company.  The Company offers a variety of retail and commercial banking services to individuals and businesses throughout the Greater Philadelphia and Southern New Jersey area through its wholly-owned subsidiary, Republic First Bank (“Republic”).  The Company also has three unconsolidated subsidiaries, which are statutory trusts established by the Company in connection with its sponsorship of three separate issuances of trust preferred securities.
 
The Company and Republic encounter vigorous competition for market share in the geographic areas they serve from bank holding companies, national, regional and other community banks, thrift institutions, credit unions and other non-bank financial organizations, such as mutual fund companies, insurance companies and brokerage companies.
 
The Company and Republic are subject to regulations of certain state and federal agencies. These regulatory agencies periodically examine the Company and Republic for adherence to laws and regulations. As a consequence, the cost of doing business may be affected.
 
Note 3:  Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
 
Basis of Presentation
 
The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly-owned subsidiary, Republic. The Company follows accounting standards set by the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”).  The FASB sets accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”) that are followed to ensure consistent reporting of financial condition, results of operations, and cash flows.
 
The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP for interim financial information and with the instructions to United States Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) Form 10-Q and Article 10 of SEC Regulation S-X.  Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by generally accepted accounting principles for financial statements for a complete fiscal year.  In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring accruals) considered necessary for a fair
 
 
 
8

 
 
 
presentation have been included. Operating results for the three month period ended March 31, 2010 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2010. All significant inter-company accounts and transactions have been eliminated in the consolidated financial statements.
 
The Company has evaluated subsequent events through the date of issuance of the financial data included herein.
 
Risks and Uncertainties and Certain Significant Estimates
 
The earnings of the Company depend primarily on the earnings of Republic.  The earnings of Republic are dependent primarily upon the level of net interest income, which is the difference between interest earned on its interest-earning assets, such as loans and investments, and the interest paid on its interest-bearing liabilities, such as deposits and borrowings. Accordingly, the Company’s results of operations are subject to risks and uncertainties surrounding the Republic’s exposure to changes in the interest rate environment.
 
Prepayments on residential real estate mortgage and other fixed rate loans and mortgage-backed securities vary significantly, and may cause significant fluctuations in interest margins.
 
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make significant estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
 
Significant estimates are made by management in determining the allowance for loan losses, carrying values of other real estate owned, assessment of other than temporary impairment (“OTTI”) of investment securities, impairment of restricted stock and the realization of deferred income tax assets. Consideration is given to a variety of factors in establishing these estimates.
 
In estimating the allowance for loan losses, management considers current economic conditions, diversification of the loan portfolio, delinquency statistics, results of internal loan reviews, borrowers’ perceived financial and managerial strengths, the adequacy of underlying collateral, if collateral dependent, or present value of future cash flows, and other relevant factors.  Because the allowance for loan losses and carrying value of other real estate owned are dependent, to a great extent, on the general economy and other conditions that may be beyond the Company’s and Republic’s control, the estimates of the allowance for loan losses and the carrying values of other real estate owned could differ materially in the near term.
 
In estimating OTTI of investment securities, securities are evaluated on at least a quarterly basis, and more frequently when market conditions warrant such an evaluation, to determine whether a decline in their value is other than temporary.  To determine whether a loss in value is other than temporary, management utilizes criteria such as the reasons underlying the decline, the magnitude and duration of the decline, the intent to hold the security and the likelihood of the Company not being required to sell the security prior to an anticipated recovery in the fair value.  The term “other than temporary” is not intended to indicate that the decline is permanent, but indicates that the prospect for a near-term recovery of value is not necessarily favorable, or that there is a lack of evidence to support a realizable value equal to or greater than the carrying value of investment.  Once a decline in value is determined to be other than temporary, the value of the security is reduced and a corresponding charge to earnings is recognized.
 
In estimating impairment of restricted stock, management’s determination of whether these investments are impaired is based on the assessment of the ultimate recoverability of the cost rather than by recognizing temporary declines in value.  The determination of whether a decline affects the ultimate recoverability of the cost is influenced by criteria such as (1) the significance of the decline in net assets of the Federal Home Loan Bank of Pittsburgh (“FHLB”) and the length of time this situation has
 
 
 
 
9

 
 
persisted, (2) commitments by the FHLB to make payments required by law or regulation and the level of such payments in relation to the operating performance of the FHLB, and (3) the impact of legislative and regulatory changes on institutions and accordingly, on the customer base of the FHLB.
 
In evaluating the Company’s ability to recover deferred tax assets, management considers all available positive and negative evidence, including the Company’s past operating results and the Company’s forecast of future taxable income.  In determining future taxable income, management makes assumptions for the amount of taxable income, the reversal of temporary differences and the implementation of feasible and prudent tax planning strategies.  These assumptions require management to make judgments about the Company’s future taxable income and are consistent with the plans and estimates management uses to manage the Company’s business.  Any reduction in estimated future taxable income may require the Company to record a valuation allowance against its deferred tax assets.  An increase in the valuation allowance would result in additional income tax expense in the period and could have a significant impact on the Company’s future earnings.
 
Stock-Based Compensation

The Company maintains the Amendment and Restatement No. 3 of the Stock Option Plan and Restricted Stock Plan of Republic First Bancorp, Inc. (“Plan”), under which the Company may grant options, restricted stock or stock appreciation rights to the Company’s employees, directors, and certain consultants.  Under the terms of the Plan, 1.5 million shares of common stock, plus an annual increase equal to the number of shares needed to restore the maximum number of shares that may be available for grant under the Plan to 1.5 million shares, are available for such grants.  As of March 31, 2010, the only grants under the Plan have been option grants.  The Plan provides that the exercise price of each option granted equals the market price of the Company’s stock on the date of the grant.  Any option granted vests within one to five years and has a maximum term of ten years.
 
The Company utilizes a Black-Scholes option pricing model to determine the fair market value of stock options.  In 2010, the following assumptions were utilized: a dividend yield of 0%; expected volatility of 33.67%; a risk-free interest rate of 3.14% to 3.20%; and an expected life of 7.0 years.  In 2009 the following assumptions were utilized: a dividend yield of 0%; expected volatility of 26.45% to 27.61%; a risk-free interest rate of 1.99% to 2.72%; and an expected life of 7.0 years.  A dividend yield of 0% is utilized, because cash dividends have never been paid.  The expected life reflects a 3 to 4 year “all or nothing” vesting period, the maximum ten year term and review of historical behavior.  The volatility was based on Bloomberg’s seven year volatility calculation for “FRBK” stock.  The risk-free interest rate is based on the seven year Treasury bond.  No shares vested in the first quarter of 2010.  6,050 shares vested in the first quarter of 2009.  Expense is recognized ratably over the period required to vest.  There were 328,700 unvested options at January 1, 2010 with a fair value of $906,844 with $563,950 of that amount remaining to be recognized as expense.  At March 31, 2010, there were 420,450 unvested options with a fair value of $1,101,779 with $679,723 of that amount remaining to be recognized as expense. At that date, the intrinsic value of the 636,054 options outstanding was $16,170, while the intrinsic value of the 215,604 exercisable (vested) was also $16,170.
 

 
10

 

A summary of the status of the Company’s stock options under the Plan as of March 31, 2010 and 2009 and changes during the three months ended March 31, 2010 and 2009 are presented below:
 
   
For the Three Months Ended March 31,
 
   
2010
   
2009
 
   
Shares
   
Weighted
Average
Exercise
Price
   
Shares
   
Weighted
Average
Exercise
Price
 
Outstanding, beginning of year
    544,304     $ 8.03       467,988     $ 8.33  
Granted
    101,000       5.12       108,700       6.35  
Exercised
    -       -       (11,927 )     2.17  
Forfeited
    (9,250 )     7.33       -       -  
Outstanding, end of period
    636,054       7.58       564,761       8.08  
Options exercisable at period-end
    215,604       8.61       225,761       8.02  
Weighted average fair value of options granted during the period
          $ 2.14             $ 2.17  

   
For the Three Months Ended
 March 31,
 
   
2010
   
2009
 
Number of options exercised
    -       11,927  
Cash received
    -     $ 26,000  
Intrinsic value
    -       62,139  
Tax benefit
    -       21,749  

The following table summarizes information about options outstanding under the Plan as of March 31, 2010.
 
         
     
Options outstanding
   
Options exercisable
 
Range of Exercise Prices
   
Shares
   
Weighted
Average
remaining
contractual
life (years)
   
Weighted
Average
exercise
price
   
Shares
   
Weighted
Average
Exercise
Price
 
$1.81       7,453       0.8     $ 1.81       7,453     $ 1.81  
$2.77 to $5.12       93,743       9.7       4.88       743       2.77  
$5.70 to $8.72       380,449       7.6       7.06       80,499       6.26  
$9.93 to $12.13       154,409       5.7       10.76       126,909       10.54  
          636,054             $ 7.58       215,604     $ 8.61  

   
For the Three Months Ended,
 
   
March 31, 2010
 
   
Number of shares
   
Weighted average grant date fair value
 
Nonvested at beginning of year
    328,700     $ 2.76  
Granted
    101,000       2.14  
Forfeited
    (9,250 )     2.90  
Nonvested at end of period
    420,450     $ 2.62  

Compensation expense of $42,000 and $69,000 was recognized during the three months ended March 31, 2010 and 2009 respectively.  For each of these periods, a 35% assumed tax benefit for the Plan was utilized in making the calculations.
 

 
11

 
 

 

Note 4:  Recent Accounting Pronouncements

       In January 2010, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2010-06, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures (Topic 820): Improving Disclosures about Fair Value Measurements. This ASU requires some new disclosures and clarifies existing disclosure requirements about fair value measurement as set forth in Codification Subtopic 820-10. The FASB’s objective is to improve these disclosures and, thus, increase the transparency in financial reporting. Specifically, ASU 2010-06 amends Codification Subtopic 820-10 to now require:

·  
A reporting entity to disclose separately the amounts of significant transfers in and out of Level 1 and Level 2 fair value measurements and describe the reasons for the transfers; and
·  
In the reconciliation for fair value measurements using significant unobservable inputs, a reporting entity should present separately information about purchases, sales, issuances, and settlements.

In addition, ASU 2010-06 clarifies the requirements of the following existing disclosures:

·  
For purposes of reporting fair value measurement for each class of assets and liabilities, a reporting entity needs to use judgment in determining the appropriate classes of assets and liabilities; and
·  
A reporting entity should provide disclosures about the valuation techniques and inputs used to measure fair value for both recurring and nonrecurring fair value measurements.

       ASU 2010-06 is effective for interim and annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2009, except for the disclosures about purchases, sales, issuances, and settlements in the roll forward of activity in Level 3 fair value measurements. Those disclosures are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2010, and for interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted. We have adopted this guidance during the quarter ended March 31, 2010 and it did not have a material effect on our financial position or results of operations.

       In March 2010, the FASB issued ASU 2010-11, Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815): Scope Exception Related to Embedded Credit Derivatives. The FASB believes this ASU clarifies the type of embedded credit derivative that is exempt from embedded derivative bifurcation requirements. Specifically, only one form of embedded credit derivative qualifies for the exemption - one that is related only to the subordination of one financial instrument to another. As a result, entities that have contracts containing an embedded credit derivative feature in a form other than such subordination may need to separately account for the embedded credit derivative feature.

       The amendments in ASU 2010-11 are effective for each reporting entity at the beginning of its first fiscal quarter beginning after June 15, 2010. Early adoption is permitted at the beginning of each entity’s first fiscal quarter beginning after March 5, 2010. We do not expect the adoption of this guidance to have a material effect on our financial position or results of operations.
 
Note 5:  Legal Proceedings
 
The Company and Republic are from time to time parties (plaintiff or defendant) to lawsuits in the normal course of business.  While any litigation involves an element of uncertainty, management, after reviewing pending actions with its legal counsel, is of the opinion that the liability of the Company and Republic, if any, resulting from such actions will not have a material effect on the financial condition or results of operations of the Company and Republic.
 

 
 
12

 
 

 
 
Note 6:  Segment Reporting
 
The Company has one reportable segment: community banking. The community bank segment primarily encompasses the commercial loan and deposit activities of Republic, as well as consumer loan products in the area surrounding its branches.
 
Note 7:  Earnings Per Share

Earnings per share (“EPS”) consists of two separate components: basic EPS and diluted EPS. Basic EPS is computed by dividing net income (loss) by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding for each period presented. Diluted EPS is calculated by dividing net income (loss) by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding plus dilutive common stock equivalents (“CSEs”). CSEs consist of dilutive stock options granted through the Company’s stock options plan and convertible securities related trust preferred securities issued in 2008.  In the diluted EPS computation, the after tax interest expense on the trust preferred securities issuance is added back to the net income.  For the three months ended March 31, 2010 and 2009, the effect of CSEs and the related add back of after tax interest expense was anti-dilutive. The following table is a reconciliation of the numerator and denominator used in calculating basic and diluted EPS. CSEs which are anti-dilutive are not included in the following calculation.  For the three months ended March 31, 2010 and 2009, the Company included no stock options in calculating diluted EPS due to a net loss from operations.
 
The following tables are a comparison of EPS for the three months ended March 31, 2010 and 2009.

 
       
Three months ended March 31,
 
2010
   
2009
 
             
Net Loss
  $ (3,862,000 )         $ (3,760,000 )      
(numerator for basic and diluted earnings per share)
                           
                             
           
Per
           
Per
 
   
Shares
   
Share
   
Shares
   
Share
 
Weighted average shares
                           
for period (denominator for basic earnings per share)
    10,577,582             10,631,480        
Earnings (loss) per share - basic
          $ (0.37 )           $ (0.35 )
Add common stock equivalents
representing dilutive stock options
    -               -          
Effect on basic EPS of dilutive CSE
                               
Weighted average shares outstanding
    10,577,582               10,631,480          
                                 
Loss per share - diluted
          $ (0.37 )           $ (0.35 )



 
13

 

Note 8:  Comprehensive Income

      The Company presents as a component of comprehensive income (loss) the amounts from transactions and other events which currently are excluded from the consolidated statements of operation and are recorded directly to shareholders’ equity. These amounts consist of unrealized holding gains (losses) on available for sale securities.
 
The components of comprehensive income (loss), net of related tax, are as follows (in thousands):
 
   
Three months ended
March 31,
 
   
2010
   
2009
 
Net income (loss)
  $ (3,862 )   $ (3,760 )
Other comprehensive loss:
               
Unrealized gains (losses) on investment securities arising during the period, net of tax expense (benefit) of $759 and $16
    (1,359 )     (29 )
Add: reclassification adjustment for impairment charge included in net income (loss), net of tax benefit of $52 and $8
    97       15  
Other comprehensive loss
    (1,262 )     (14 )
Comprehensive loss
  $ (5,124 )   $ (3,774 )
                 



 



 
14

 

Note 9:  Investment Securities

Investment securities available for sale as of March 31, 2010 were as follows:

 
 
(Dollars in thousands)
 
Amortized Cost
 
Gross
Unrealized
Gains
   
Gross
Unrealized
Losses
   
Fair
Value
 
Mortgage Backed Securities/CMOs                                                                      
  $ 137,247     $ 2,662     $ (1,016 )   $ 138,893  
Municipal Securities                                                                      
    10,390       46       (903 )     9,533  
Corporate Bonds                                                                      
    5,990       224       -       6,214  
Agency Bonds                                                                      
    18,991       153       -       19,144  
Pooled Trust Preferred Securities                                                                      
    6,640       -       (4,162 )     2,478  
Other  Securities                                                                      
    181       -       (25 )     156  
Total                                                                
  $ 179,439     $ 3,085     $ (6,106 )   $ 176,418  
                                 
Investment securities held to maturity as of March 31, 2010 were as follows:
 
 
(Dollars in thousands)
 
Amortized Cost
 
Gross
Unrealized
Gains
   
Gross
Unrealized
Losses
   
Fair
Value
 
U.S. Government Agencies                                                                      
  $ 2     $ -     $ -     $ 2  
Other Securities                                                                      
    144       12       -       156  
Total                                                               
  $ 146     $ 12     $ -     $ 158  
                                 
Investment securities available for sale as of December 31, 2009 were as follows:
 
 
(Dollars in thousands)
 
Amortized Cost
 
Gross
Unrealized
Gains
   
Gross
Unrealized
Losses
   
Fair
Value
 
Mortgage Backed Securities/CMOs                                                                      
  $ 144,081     $ 2,686     $ (1 )   $ 146,766  
Municipal Securities                                                                      
    10,325       49       (851 )     9,523  
Corporate Bonds                                                                      
    5,989       101       -       6,090  
Agency Bonds                                                                      
    18,991       -       (147 )     18,844  
Pooled Trust Preferred Securities                                                                      
    6,789       -       (2,863 )     3,926  
Other  Securities                                                                      
    281       -       (26 )     255  
Total                                                                
  $ 186,456     $ 2,836     $ (3,888 )   $ 185,404  
                                 

Investment securities held to maturity as of December 31, 2009 were as follows:
 
 
 
(Dollars in thousands)
 
 
Amortized Cost
   
Gross
Unrealized
Gains
   
Gross
Unrealized
Losses
   
 
Fair
Value
 
                         
U.S. Government Agencies                                                                      
  $ 2     $ -     $ -     $ 2  
Other Securities                                                                      
    153       10       -       163  
Total                                                                
  $ 155     $ 10     $ -     $ 165  

 

 
15

 
 
 
       The maturity distribution of the amortized cost and estimated market value of investment securities by contractual maturity at March 31, 2010 is as follows:

   
Available for Sale
   
Held to Maturity
 
 
(Dollars in thousands)
 
Amortized
Cost
   
Estimated
Fair Value
   
Amortized
Cost
   
Estimated
Fair Value
 
                         
Due in 1 year or less                                                                      
  $ 50     $ 50     $ -     $ -  
After 1 year to 5 years                                                                      
    19,033       19,188       114       126  
After 5 years to 10 years                                                                      
    3,120       3,320       2       2  
After 10 years                                                                      
    157,236       153,860       -       -  
No stated maturity                                                                      
    -       -       30       30  
Total                                                                
  $ 179,439     $ 176,418     $ 146     $ 158  

As of March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009, the mortgage backed securities and collateralized mortgage obligations included in the investment securities portfolio consist solely of securities issued by U.S. government sponsored agencies.  There were no private label mortgage securities held in the investment securities portfolio as of those dates.
 
Expected maturities will differ from contractual maturities because borrowers have the right to call or prepay obligations with or without prepayment penalties.
 
In instances when a determination is made that an OTTI exists but the investor does not intend to sell the debt security and it is not more likely than not that the investor will be required to sell the debt security prior to its anticipated recovery, ASC 320-10 changes the presentation and amount of the OTTI recognized in the income statement.  The OTTI is separated into (a) the amount of the total OTTI related to a decrease in cash flows expected to be collected from the debt security (the credit loss) and (b) the amount of the total OTTI related to all other factors.  The amount of the total OTTI related to all other factors is recognized in other comprehensive income.  Impairment charges (credit losses) on pooled trust preferred securities in the amount of $149,000 were recognized during the quarter ended March 31, 2010.  The Company realized gross losses due to impairment charges on pooled trust preferred securities of $23,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2009.
 
Temporarily impaired securities as of March 31, 2010 were as follows:

 
(Dollars in thousands)
 
Less than 12 months
   
12 Months or more
   
Total
 
Description of Securities
 
Fair
Value
   
Unrealized Losses
   
Fair
Value
   
Unrealized Losses
   
Fair
Value
   
Unrealized Losses
 
Mortgage Backed Securities/CMO’s
  $ 98,058     $ 1,015     $ 32     $ 1     $ 98,090     $ 1,016  
Municipal Securities
    4,831       154       3,428       749       8,259       903  
Corporate Bonds
    -       -       -       -       -       -  
Agency Bonds
    -       -       -       -       -       -  
Trust Preferred Securities
    -       -       2,478       4,162       2,478       4,162  
Other Securities
    -       -       64       25       64       25  
Total Temporarily Impaired Securities
  $ 102,889     $ 1,169     $ 6,002     $ 4,937     $ 108,891     $ 6,106  
 
The impairment of the investment portfolio at March 31, 2010 totaled $6.1 million with a total fair value of $108.9 million at March 31, 2010. The unrealized loss for the bank pooled trust preferred securities was due to the secondary market for such securities becoming inactive and is considered temporary at March 31, 2010. The unrealized losses on the municipal securities held in the available for sale portfolio has been caused by temporary declines in the value of these securities as a result of the challenges facing local municipal entities in the current economic environment.  We have reviewed the credit quality of the municipalities in this group and consider all unrealized losses to be temporary as of March 31, 2010. The unrealized loss on the remaining securities is due to reductions in market values resulting from changes in interest rates and is also considered temporary.


 
16

 

 

Temporarily impaired securities as of December 31, 2009 were as follows:
 
(Dollars in thousands)
 
Less than 12 months
   
12 Months or more
   
Total
 
Description of Securities
 
Fair
Value
   
Unrealized Losses
   
Fair
Value
   
Unrealized Losses
   
Fair
Value
   
Unrealized Losses
 
Mortgage Backed Securities
  $ 60     $ -     $ 32     $ 1     $ 92     $ 1  
Municipal Securities
    3,573       131       3,412       720       6,985       851  
Corporate Bonds
    -       -       -       -       -       -  
Agency Bonds
    18,844       147       -       -       18,844       147  
Trust Preferred Securities
    -       -       3,926       2,863       3,926       2,863  
Other Securities
    41       -       63       26       104       26  
Total Temporarily Impaired Securities
  $ 22,518     $ 278     $ 7,433     $ 3,610     $ 29,951     $ 3,888  
 
Note 10:  Loans Receivable

The following table sets forth the Company’s gross loans by major categories for the periods indicated:
 
             
   
March 31,
   
December 31,
 
(Dollars in thousands)
 
2010
   
2009
 
             
Commercial                                                                      
  $ 86,326     $ 88,926  
Owner occupied                                                                      
    83,500       85,481  
Total commercial                                                                      
    169,826       174,407  
                 
Consumer and residential                                                                      
    21,518       22,359  
Commercial real estate                                                                      
    488,532       497,494  
Total loans receivable                                                                      
    679,876       694,260  
Less: Deferred loan fees                                                                      
    (440 )     (442 )
Less: Allowance for loan losses                                                                      
    (13,725 )     (12,841 )
                 
Net loans receivable                                                                      
  $ 665,711     $ 680,977  
                 
 
The recorded investment in loans with a valuation allowance which are impaired in accordance with ASC 310, totaled $31.1 million and $43.5 million at March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009, respectively. The amounts of related valuation allowances were $6.3 million and $7.1 million, respectively, at March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009.  The recorded investment in loans without a valuation allowance which were impaired in accordance with ASC 310 totaled $76.3 million and $80.9 million at March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009, respectively.  There were no commitments to extend credit to any borrowers with impaired loans as of the end of the periods presented herein.
 
As of March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009, there were no troubled debt restructurings included in the loan portfolio.
 
As of March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009, there were loans of approximately $36.7 million and $26.0 million, respectively, which were classified as non-accrual. There were no loans past due 90 days and accruing at March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009.
 

Note 11:  Fair Value of Financial Instruments

Management uses its best judgment in estimating the fair value of the Company’s financial instruments; however, there are inherent weaknesses in any estimation technique.  
 
 
 
17

 
 
 
Therefore, for substantially all financial instruments, the fair value estimates herein are not necessarily indicative of the amounts the Company could have realized in a sales transaction on the dates indicated.  The estimated fair value amounts have been measured as of their respective year-ends and have not been re-evaluated or updated for purposes of these financial statements subsequent to those respective dates.  As such, the estimated fair values of these financial instruments subsequent to the respective reporting dates may be different than the amounts reported at each year-end.
 
The Company follows the guidance issued under ASC 820, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures, which defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value under GAAP, and identifies required disclosures on fair value measurements.
 
ASC 820-10 establishes a fair value hierarchy that prioritizes the inputs to valuation methods used to measure fair value.  The hierarchy gives the highest priority to unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities (Level 1 measurements) and the lowest priority to unobservable inputs (Level 3 measurements).  The three levels of the fair value hierarchy under ASC 820-10 are as follows:
 
 
Level 1: Unadjusted quoted prices in active markets that are accessible at the measurement date for identical, unrestricted assets or liabilities.
 
Level 2: Quoted prices in markets that are not active, or inputs that are observable either directly or indirectly, for substantially the full term of the asset or liability.
 
Level 3: Prices or valuation techniques that require inputs that are both significant to the fair value measurement and unobservable (i.e., supported with little or no market activity).
 
An asset’s or liability’s level within the fair value hierarchy is based on the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement.
 

 
18

 

 
For financial assets measured at fair value on a recurring basis, the fair value measurements by level within the fair value hierarchy used at March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009 are as follows:
 
Description
 
March 31, 2010
   
(Level 1)
Quoted Prices in Active Markets for Identical Assets
   
(Level 2) Significant Other Observable Inputs
   
(Level 3) Significant Unobservable Inputs
 
(Dollars in thousands)
                       
Mortgage Backed Securities/CMOs
  $ 138,893     $ -     $ 138,893     $ -  
Municipal Securities
    9,533       -       9,533       -  
Corporate Bonds
    6,214       -       6,214       -  
Agency Bonds
    19,144       -       19,144       -  
Pooled Trust Preferred Securities
    2,478       -       -       2,478  
Other Securities
    156       -       156       -  
Total
  $ 176,418     $ -     $ 173,940     $ 2,478  




Description
 
December 31, 2009
   
(Level 1)
Quoted Prices in Active Markets for Identical Assets
   
(Level 2) Significant Other Observable Inputs
   
(Level 3) Significant Unobservable Inputs
 
(Dollars in thousands)
                       
Mortgage Backed Securities/CMOs
  $ 146,766     $ -     $ 146,766     $ -  
Municipal Securities
    9,523       -       9,523       -  
Corporate Bonds
    6,090       -       6,090       -  
Agency Bonds
    18,844       -       18,844       -  
Pooled Trust Preferred Securities
    3,926       -       -       3,926  
Other Securities
    255       -       255       -  
Total
  $ 185,404     $ -     $ 181,478     $ 3,926  

 
The following table presents a reconciliation of the securities available for sale measured at fair value on a recurring basis using significant unobservable inputs (Level 3) for the three months ended March 31:
 
   
2010
 
   
(In Thousands)
 
       
Beginning Balance, January 1,
  $ 3,926  
Unrealized losses arising during 2010
    (1,299 )
Impairment charge on Level 3 security
    (149 )
Ending balance, March 31,
  $ 2,478  

 
 
19

 

 
For assets measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis, the fair value measurements by level within the fair value hierarchy used at March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009 were as follows:
 
Description
 
March 31, 2010
   
(Level 1)
Quoted Prices in Active Markets for Identical Assets
   
(Level 2) Significant Other Observable Inputs
   
(Level 3) Significant Unobservable Inputs
 
(In thousands)
                       
Impaired loans
  $ 24,815     $ -     $ -     $ 24,815  
                                 
Other real estate owned
  $ 11,044     $ -     $ -     $ 11,044  
                                 

Description
 
December 31, 2009
   
(Level 1)
Quoted Prices in Active Markets for Identical Assets
   
(Level 2) Significant Other Observable Inputs
   
(Level 3) Significant Unobservable Inputs
 
(In thousands)
                       
Impaired loans
  $ 36,359     $ -     $ -     $ 36,359  
                                 
Other real estate owned
  $ 13,611     $ -     $ -     $ 13,611  
                                 
 
The recorded investment in impaired loans with a valuation allowance totaled $31.1 million at March 31, 2010 and $43.5 million at December 31, 2009.  The amounts of related valuation allowances were $6.3 million and $7.1 million, respectively, at March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009.
 
The following information should not be interpreted as an estimate of the fair value of the entire Company since a fair value calculation is only provided for a limited portion of the Company’s assets and liabilities.  Due to a wide range of valuation techniques and the degree of subjectivity used in making the estimates, comparisons between the Company’s disclosures and those of other companies may not be meaningful.  The following methods and assumptions were used to estimate the fair values of the Company’s financial instruments at March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009:
 
Cash and Cash Equivalents (Carried at Cost)
 
The carrying amounts reported in the balance sheet for cash and cash equivalents approximate those assets’ fair values.
 
 
Investment Securities
 
The fair value of securities available for sale (carried at fair value) and held to maturity (carried at amortized cost) are determined by obtaining matrix pricing (Level 2), which is a mathematical technique used widely in the industry to value debt securities without relying exclusively on quoted market prices for the specific securities but rather by relying on the securities’ relationship to other benchmark quoted prices.  For certain securities which are not traded in active markets or are subject to transfer restrictions, valuations are adjusted to reflect illiquidity and/or non-transferability, and such adjustments are generally based on available market evidence (Level 3).  In the absence of such evidence, management’s best estimate is used.  Management’s best estimate consists of both internal and external support on certain Level 3 investments.  Internal cash flow models using a present value formula that includes assumptions market participants would use along with indicative exit pricing obtained from broker/dealers (where available) were used to support fair values of certain Level 3 investments.
 
 
 
20

 
 
 
The types of instruments valued based on matrix pricing in active markets include all of the Company’s U.S. government and agency securities, municipal obligations and corporate bonds. Such instruments are generally classified within level 2 of the fair value hierarchy. As required by ASC 820-10, the Company does not adjust the matrix pricing for such instruments.
 
Level 3 is for positions that are not traded in active markets or are subject to transfer restrictions, and may be adjusted to reflect illiquidity and/or non-transferability, with such adjustment generally based on available market evidence. In the absence of such evidence, management’s best estimate is used. Subsequent to inception, management only changes level 3 inputs and assumptions when corroborated by evidence such as transactions in similar instruments, completed or pending third-party transactions in the underlying investment or comparable entities, subsequent rounds of financing, recapitalizations and other transactions across the capital structure, offerings in the equity or debt markets, and changes in financial ratios or cash flows.
 
The Level 3 investment securities classified as available for sale are comprised of various issues of bank pooled trust preferred securities. Bank pooled trust preferred consists of the debt instruments of various banks, diversified by the number of participants in the security as well as geographically. The securities are performing according to terms, however the secondary market for such securities has become inactive, and such securities are therefore classified as Level 3 securities. The fair value analysis does not reflect or represent the actual terms or prices at which any party could purchase the securities. There is currently no secondary market for the securities and there can be no assurance that any secondary market for the securities will develop.
 
A third party pricing service was used in the development of the fair market valuation. The calculations used to determine fair value are based on the attributes of the bank pooled trust preferred securities, the financial condition of the issuers of the bank pooled trust preferred securities, and market based assumptions. The INTEX CDO Deal Model Library was utilized to obtain information regarding the attributes of each security and its specific collateral as of March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009. Financial information on the issuers was also obtained from Bloomberg, the FDIC and the Office of Thrift Supervision. Both published and unpublished industry sources were utilized in estimating fair value. Such information includes loan prepayment speed assumptions, discount rates, default rates, and loss severity percentages. Due to the current state of the global capital and financial markets, the fair market valuation is subject to greater uncertainty that would otherwise exist.
 
Fair market valuation for each security was determined based on discounted cash flow analyses. The cash flows are primarily dependent on the estimated speeds at which the bank pooled trust preferred securities are expected to prepay, the estimated rates at which the bank pooled trust preferred securities are expected to defer payments, the estimated rates at which the bank pooled trust preferred securities are expected to default, and the severity of the losses on securities which default.

Prepayment Assumptions. Due to the lack of new bank pooled trust preferred issuances and the relativity poor conditions of the financial institution industry, the rate of voluntary prepayments are estimated at 0%.

Prepayments affect the securities in three ways. First, prepayments lower the absolute amount of excess spread, an important credit enhancement. Second, the prepayments are directed to the senior tranches, the effect of which is to increase the overcollateralization of the mezzanine layer, the layer at which the Company is located in each of the securities. However, the prepayments can lead to adverse selection in which the strongest institutions have prepaid, leaving the weaker institutions in the pool, thus mitigating the effect of the increased overcollateralization. Third, prepayments can limit the numeric and geographic diversity of the pool, leading to concentration risks.

Deferral and Default Rates. Bank pooled trust preferred securities include a provision that allows the issuing bank to defer interest payments for up to five years. The estimates for the rates of deferral are
 
 
 
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based on the financial condition of the trust preferred issuers in the pool. Estimates for the conditional default rates are based on the bank pooled trust preferred securities themselves as well as the financial condition of the trust preferred issuers in the pool.

Estimates for the near-term rates of deferral and conditional default are based on key financial ratios relating to the financial institutions’ capitalization, asset quality, profitability and liquidity. Each bank in each security is evaluated based on ratings from outside services including Standard & Poors, Moodys, Fitch, Bankrate.com and The Street.com. Recent stock price information is also considered, as well as the 52 week high and low, for each bank in each security. Finally, the receipt of TARP funding is considered, and if so, the amount.

Estimates for longer term rates of deferral and defaults are based on historical averages based on a research report issued by Salomon Smith Barney in 2002. Default is defined as any instance when a regulator takes an active role in a bank’s operations under a supervisory action. This definition of default is distinct from failure. A bank is considered to have defaulted if it falls below minimum capital requirements or becomes subject to regulatory actions including a written agreement, or a cease and desist order.  The rates of deferral and conditional default are estimated at 0.36%.

Loss Severity. The fact that an issuer defaults on a loan, does not necessarily mean that the investor will lose all of their investment. Thus, it is important to understand not only the default assumption, but also the expected loss given a default, or the loss severity assumption.  Both Standard & Poors and Moody’s Analytics have performed and published research that indicates that recoveries on bank pooled trust preferred securities are low (less than 20%). The loss severity estimates are estimated at a range of 80% to 100%.

Ratings Agencies. The major ratings agencies have recently been cutting the ratings on various bank pooled trust preferred securities

Bond Waterfall. The bank pooled trust preferred securities have several tranches: Senior tranches, Mezzanine tranches and the Residual or income tranches. The Company invested in the mezzanine tranches for all of its bank pooled trust preferred securities. The Senior and Mezzanine tranches were over collateralized at issuance, meaning that the par value of the underlying collateral was more than the balance issued on the tranches. The terms generally provide that if the performing collateral balances fall below certain triggers, then income is diverted from the residual tranches to pay the Senior and Mezzanine tranches. However, if significant deferrals occur, income could also be diverted from the Mezzanine tranches to pay the Senior tranches.

Internal Rate of Return. Internal rates of return are the pre-tax yield rates used to discount the future cash flow stream expected from the collateral cash flow. The marketplace for the bank pooled trust preferred securities at March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009 was not active. This is evidenced by a significant widening of the bid/ask spreads the markets in which the bank pooled trust preferred securities trade and then by a significant decrease in the volume of trades relative to historical levels. The new issue market is also inactive.

ASC 820-10 provides guidance on the discount rates to be used when a market is not active. The discount rate should take into account the time value of money, price for bearing the uncertainty in the cash flows and other case specific factors that would be considered by market participants, including a liquidity adjustment. The discount rate used is a LIBOR 3-month forward looking curve plus 1,000 to 1,700 basis points.

Loans Receivable (Carried at Cost)
 
The fair values of loans are estimated using discounted cash flow analyses, using market rates at the balance sheet date that reflect the credit and interest rate-risk inherent in the loans.  Projected future cash flows are calculated based upon contractual maturity or call dates, projected repayments and
 
 
 
 
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prepayments of principal.  Generally, for variable rate loans that reprice frequently and with no significant change in credit risk, fair values are based on carrying values.
 
Other Real Estate Owned (Carried at Lower of Cost or Market)
 
These assets are carried at the lower of cost or market.  At March 31, 2010 these assets are carried at current market value.
 
Restricted Stock (Carried at Cost)
 
The carrying amount of restricted stock approximates fair value, and considers the limited marketability of such securities.
 
Accrued Interest Receivable and Payable (Carried at Cost)
 
The carrying amount of accrued interest receivable and accrued interest payable approximates its fair value.
 
Deposit Liabilities (Carried at Cost)
 
The fair values disclosed for demand deposits (e.g., interest and noninterest checking, passbook savings and money market accounts) are, by definition, equal to the amount payable on demand at the reporting date (i.e., their carrying amounts).  Fair values for fixed-rate certificates of deposit are estimated using a discounted cash flow calculation that applies interest rates currently being offered in the market on certificates to a schedule of aggregated expected monthly maturities on time deposits.
 
FHLB Advances (Carried at Cost)
 
Fair values of FHLB advances are estimated using discounted cash flow analysis, based on quoted prices for new FHLB advances with similar credit risk characteristics, terms and remaining maturity.  These prices obtained from this active market represent a market value that is deemed to represent the transfer price if the liability were assumed by a third party.
 
Subordinated Debt (Carried at Cost)
 
Fair values of subordinated debt are estimated using discounted cash flow analysis, based on market rates currently offered on such debt with similar credit risk characteristics, terms and remaining maturity.
 
Off-Balance Sheet Financial Instruments (Disclosed at Notional amounts)
 
Fair values for the Company’s off-balance sheet financial instruments (lending commitments and letters of credit) are based on fees currently charged in the market to enter into similar agreements, taking into account, the remaining terms of the agreements and the counterparties’ credit standing.
 

 
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The estimated fair values of the Company’s financial instruments were as follows at March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009.
 
   
March 31, 2010
   
December 31, 2009
 
(Dollars in Thousands)
 
Carrying
Amount
   
Fair
Value
   
Carrying
Amount
   
Fair
Value
 
                         
Balance Sheet Data
                       
Financial Assets
                       
Cash and cash equivalents                                                                
  $ 38,932     $ 38,932     $ 55,618     $ 55,618  
Investment securities available for sale                                                                
    176,418       176,418       185,404       185,404  
Investment securities held to maturity                                                                
    146       158       155       165  
Restricted stock                                                                        
    6,836       6,836       6,836       6,836  
Loans receivable, net                                                                
    665,711       657,905       680,977       674,581  
Other real estate owned                                                                
    11,044       11,044       13,611       13,611  
Accrued interest receivable                                                                
    3,807       3,807       3,957       3,957  
                                 
Financial Liabilities
                               
Deposits
                               
Demand, savings and money market                                                            
  $ 496,221     $ 496,221     $ 505,640     $ 505,640  
Time                                                            
    350,011       351,332       377,254       379,090  
Subordinated debt                                                                
    22,476       14,814       22,476       14,609  
FHLB advances                                                                
    25,000       25,121       25,000       25,291  
Accrued interest payable                                                                
    2,219       2,219       1,826       1,826  
                                 
Off Balance Sheet financial instruments
                               
       Commitments to extend credit
    -       -       -       -  
       Standby letters-of-credit
    -       -       -       -  

Note 12:  Subsequent Events

       Subsequent to the period ended March 31, 2010, the Company has proposed an amendment to its articles of incorporation to increase the authorized shares of common stock from 20,000,000 to 50,000,000 which will be voted on at the Annual Meeting of Shareholders on May 11, 2010.  In addition, the Company has announced that it has filed a registration statement for a proposed underwritten public offering of up to $40.0 million of common stock filed on Form S-1 with the SEC on April 23, 2010. 

 
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ITEM 2:  MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

The following is management’s discussion and analysis of the Company’s financial condition, changes in financial condition, and results of operations in the accompanying consolidated financial statements.  This discussion should be read in conjunction with the accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.
 
Certain statements in this report may be considered to be “forward-looking statements” as that term is defined in the U.S. Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, such as statements that include the words “may,” “believes,” “expect,” “estimate,” “project,” “anticipate,” “should,” “intend,” “probability,” “risk,” “target,” “objective” and similar expressions or variations on such expressions.  The forward-looking statements contained herein are subject to certain risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those projected in the forward-looking statements.  For example, risks and uncertainties can arise with changes in: general economic conditions, including their impact on capital expenditures; new service and product offerings by competitors and price pressures; and similar items. Readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which reflect management’s analysis only as of the date hereof.  The Company undertakes no obligation to publicly revise or update these forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances that arise after the date hereof, except as may be required by applicable laws or regulations.  Readers should carefully review the risk factors described in this Form 10-Q and other documents the Company files from time to time with the SEC, including the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2009, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, and any Current Reports on Form 8-K, as well as other filings.
 
Financial Condition

March 31, 2010 Compared to December 31, 2009

Total assets decreased by $41.1 million to $967.5 million at March 31, 2010, compared to $1.0 billion at December 31, 2009. This decrease was driven by a $16.7 million decrease in cash and cash equivalents, $15.3 million decrease in net loans receivable, and a $9.0 million decrease in investment securities.
 
Loans
 
The loan portfolio represents the Company’s largest asset category and is its most significant source of interest income. The Company’s lending strategy is focused on small and medium size businesses and professionals that seek highly personalized banking services.  The loan portfolio consists of secured and unsecured commercial loans including commercial real estate, construction loans, residential mortgages, automobile loans, home improvement loans, home equity loans and lines of credit, overdraft lines of credit and others. Gross loans decreased $14.4 million, to $679.4 million at March 31, 2010, compared to $693.8 million at December 31, 2009.  This decrease is reflective of the Company’s continuing effort to reduce exposure to commercial real estate and strengthen the loan portfolio.  Commercial loans typically range between $250,000 and $5,000,000 but customers may borrow significantly larger amounts up to Republic’s legal lending limit, which was approximately $13.8 million at March 31, 2010.  Loans made to one individual customer even if secured by different collateral, are aggregated for purposes of the lending limit.
 
Investment Securities

Investment securities available-for-sale are investments which may be sold in response to changing market and interest rate conditions, and for liquidity and other purposes.  The Company’s investment securities available-for-sale consist primarily of U.S. Government Agency issued mortgage backed securities which include collateralized mortgage obligations (CMOs), municipal securities and debt
 
 
 
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securities, which include corporate bonds and trust preferred securities. Available-for-sale securities totaled $176.4 million at March 31, 2010, compared to $185.4 million at year-end 2009.  At March 31, 2010, the portfolio had a net unrealized loss of $3.0 million, compared to a net unrealized loss of $1.1 million at December 31, 2009.
 
Investment securities held-to-maturity are investments for which there is the intent and ability to hold the investment to maturity. These investments are carried at amortized cost. The held-to-maturity portfolio consists primarily of debt securities and stocks. At March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009, securities held to maturity totaled $146,000 and $155,000, respectively.
 
Restricted Stock
 
Republic is a member of the Federal Home Loan Bank of Pittsburgh (“FHLB”) and, as such, had been required to maintain stock in FHLB in proportion to its outstanding FHLB advances, prior to the FHLB suspension of dividend payments in 2008.  Since that suspension of dividend payments, the restricted stock has been frozen, therefore, at both March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009, the investment in FHLB stock totaled $6.7 million.
 
Republic is also required to maintain stock in Atlantic Central Bankers Bank (“ACBB”) as a condition of a rarely used contingency line of credit.  At both March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009, ACBB stock totaled $143,000.
 
Cash and Cash Equivalents
 
Cash and due from banks, interest bearing deposits and federal funds sold comprise this category which consists of the Company’s most liquid assets. The aggregate amount in these three categories decreased by $16.7 million, to $38.9 million at March 31, 2010, from $55.6 million at December 31, 2009.  This decrease was caused by the reduction in deposit balances during the first quarter 2010.
 
Fixed Assets
 
The balance in premises and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation, was $24.1 million at March 31, 2010, compared to $24.5 million at December 31, 2009.
 
Other Real Estate Owned
 
Other real estate owned decreased to $11.0 million at March 31, 2010, compared to $13.6 million at December 31, 2009, as a result of the sale of two properties during the first quarter 2010.
 
Bank Owned Life Insurance
 
The balance of bank owned life insurance amounted to $12.4 million at March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009. The income earned on these policies is reflected in non-interest income.
 
Other Assets
 
Other assets increased by $2.8 million to $28.0 million at March 31, 2010, from $25.2 million at December 31, 2009 due to an increase in current and deferred tax asset balances caused by a change in the unrealized loss on the Company’s investment securities, along with the recorded net loss during the first quarter.
 
Deposits
 
Deposits, which include non-interest and interest-bearing demand deposits, money market, savings and time deposits, including some brokered deposits, are Republic’s major source of funding. Deposits are generally solicited from the Company’s market area through the offering of a variety of products to attract and retain customers, with a primary focus on multi-product relationships.
 
Total deposits decreased by $36.7 million to $846.2 million at March 31, 2010 from $882.9 million
 
 
 
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at December 31, 2009 mainly due to the maturity of several high cost time deposit balances which were not renewed.
 
Short-Term Borrowings and FHLB Advances
 
Short-term borrowings and FHLB advances are used to supplement deposits as a source of funds.  Republic had a $25.0 million FHLB advance outstanding at March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009.  This FHLB advance matures June, 2010.  At March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009 Republic had no short-term borrowings (overnight).
 
Subordinated Debt
 
Subordinated debt, which is comprised of the subordinated debentures supporting the common and capital, or trust preferred, securities of the Company’s unconsolidated capital trusts, amounted to $22.5 million at March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009.
 
Shareholders’ Equity

Total shareholders’ equity decreased $5.1 million to $65.2 million at March 31, 2010, compared to $70.3 million at December 31, 2009, primarily due to a $3.9 million net loss recorded in first quarter 2010 and a $1.3 million other comprehensive loss related to the Company’s investment securities portfolio.
 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2010 and March 31, 2009

Results of Operations

Overview

The Company reported a net loss of $3.9 million, or $0.37 per diluted share, for the three months ended March 31, 2010, compared to a $3.8 million net loss, or $0.35 per diluted share, for the comparable prior year period.  There was a $693,000, or 6.2%, decrease in total interest income, driven by an $86.7 million decrease in average loans outstanding while interest expense decreased $1.2 million, due to a decrease in the rate on average interest-bearing deposits outstanding of 81 basis points and a $39.1 million decrease in borrowings outstanding.  Net interest income for the three months ended March 31, 2010 increased $551,000 compared to March 31, 2009.  The provision for loan losses in the first quarter of 2010 increased to $5.5 million, compared to $4.8 million in the first quarter of 2009.  In both periods, the provision for loan losses reflected additional specific reserves on certain loans. The first quarter 2010 was also impacted by a significant increase required by the general reserve due to changing factors in that calculation. Non-interest income decreased $177,000 to $475,000 in first quarter 2010 compared to $652,000 in first quarter 2009.  Non-interest expenses decreased $80,000 to $8.4 million compared to $8.5 million in the first quarter of 2009.  Return on average assets and average equity from continuing operations were (1.61)% and (22.68)% respectively, in the first quarter of 2010 compared to (1.66)% and (19.41)% respectively for the same period in 2009.
 
Analysis of Net Interest Income

Historically, the Company’s earnings have depended primarily upon Republic’s net interest income, which is the difference between interest earned on interest-earning assets and interest paid on interest-bearing liabilities. Net interest income is affected by changes in the mix of the volume and rates of interest-earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities. The following table provides an analysis of net interest income, setting forth for the periods (i) average assets, liabilities, and shareholders’ equity, (ii) interest income earned on interest-earning assets and interest expense on interest-bearing liabilities, (iii) annualized average yields earned on interest-earning assets and average rates on interest-bearing liabilities, and (iv) Republic’s annualized net interest margin (net interest income as a percentage of average total interest-earning assets).  Averages are computed based on daily balances.  Non-accrual
 
 
 
 
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loans are included in average loans receivable.  Yields are adjusted for tax equivalency first quarter 2010 and 2009.
 

   
For the three months ended
   
For the three months ended
 
   
March 31, 2010
   
March 31, 2009
 
                                     
         
Interest
               
Interest
       
(Dollars in thousands)
 
Average
   
Income/
   
Yield/
   
Average
   
Income/
   
Yield/
 
Interest-earning assets:
 
Balance
   
Expense
   
Rate (1)
   
Balance
   
Expense
   
Rate (1)
 
Federal funds sold
                                   
and other interest-
                                   
earning assets
  $ 22,840     $ 20       0.36 %   $ 5,381     $ 3       0.23 %